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I have numbers like (1.2.2.3), how do I get numbers like (1.2.2.3)' and (1.2.2.3.1)?

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Should there really be a prime in the first option? Also, provide some context in terms of the equation numbers. For example, (1.2.2.3) is equation 3 in \subsubsection 1.2.2, right? Do you also have equations inside \subsections and \sections? –  Werner Mar 8 '13 at 6:21
    
Yeah there is a prime for two very similar equations. I got subpoint under subsubsection, those are numbered as equations, and sometimes I need equations within subpoints. –  hyh Mar 8 '13 at 7:13
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2 Answers

Here you can find the information necessary to change equation numbering with or without amsmath in the sections "equation numbering".

Short summary:

  • Without amsmath you need to change the command \theequation for the output and use the package remreset for the internal counting.
  • With amsmath you need to change the command \theequation for the output and use the command \numberwithin for the internal counting.

Long answer (now that your problem is a bit clearer to me thanks to your comments):

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\numberwithin{equation}{subsubsection}

\newcounter{mySubCounter}

\usepackage{ntheorem}
\theoremprework{\setcounter{mySubCounter}{0}}
\newtheorem{subpoint}[equation]{Teil}

\newcommand{\subpointequation}[1]{%
\refstepcounter{mySubCounter}
\begin{equation*}
#1 \tag{\theequation.\themySubCounter}
\end{equation*}
}

\newcommand{\similarequation}[1]{%
\begin{equation*}
#1\tag{\theequation'}
\end{equation*}
}

\newcommand{\similarsubpointequation}[1]{%
\begin{equation*}
#1\tag{\theequation.\themySubCounter'}
\end{equation*}
}


\begin{document}
\section{eins}
\subsection{eins eins}
\subsection{eins zwei}
\subsubsection{eins zwei eins}
\subsubsection{eins zwei zwei}
\begin{equation}
1+2=3
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
1\cdot2=2
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
1-2=-1
\end{equation}
\begin{subpoint}
Hallo
\subpointequation{a+b=c}
\subpointequation{d+e=f\label{def}}
\similarsubpointequation{e+d=f\label{edf}}
\end{subpoint}
\begin{equation}
1\div 2=0.5
\end{equation}
\similarequation{1\div 2=\frac{1}{2}\label{simequation}}
\begin{subpoint}
Tschuss
\subpointequation{g+h=i}
\end{subpoint}
\(d+e=f\) is equation number \eqref{def}

\(1\div 2=\frac{1}{2}\) is equation number \eqref{simequation}

\(e+d=f\) is equation number \eqref{edf}
\end{document}
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My other things are all numbered as equations, and I cannot do \numberwithin{equations}{equations}... –  hyh Mar 8 '13 at 7:10
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I've seen something like this in Dieudonné's "Treatise on Analysis" book series.

\documentclass[leqno]{book}
\usepackage{amsmath,amsthm,etoolbox}
\newtheoremstyle{dieudonne}
  {}         % Space above, empty = `usual value'
  {}         % Space below
  {\itshape} % Body font
  {}         % Indent amount (empty = no indent, \parindent = para indent)
  {\bfseries}% Thm head font
  {}         % Punctuation after thm head
  { }        % Space after thm head: " " = normal interword space;
  {(\thmnumber{#2})\thmnote{ -- (#3)}}% Thm head spec
\theoremstyle{dieudonne}
\newtheorem{thminn}[equation]{}
\newenvironment{thm}[1][]
  {\thminn[#1]\addtocounter{equation}{-1}\subequations}
  {\endsubequations\endthminn}

\patchcmd{\subequations}{\alph{equation}}{.\arabic{equation}}{}{}
\numberwithin{equation}{section}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand\maketag@@@[1]{\hbox{\m@th\normalfont\bfseries#1}}



\begin{document}
\mainmatter
\chapter{First}
\section{A}
First, a theorem without equations.

\begin{thm}
Nothing.
\end{thm}

Now a theorem with an equation.

\begin{thm}
What's this?
\begin{equation}
a=b
\end{equation}
\end{thm}

Here is an equation
\begin{equation}
1=1
\end{equation}
with some text after it.

\begin{thm}[Mine]
Whose is this?
\begin{equation}
a\ne b
\end{equation}
\end{thm}

\section{B}

Another theorem.

\begin{thm}
Something.
\end{thm}

\end{document}

enter image description here

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