# Draw tally marks using PSTricks

Inspired by Paulo Cereda's question here, I would like to draw tally marks using PSTricks (or TikZ, if no one can help with PSTricks).

I have no idea how to start, so I cannot even present a try myself. :( (This is not good, I know!)

What I would like to have, is a command like \tallymarks;

\tallymarks{1}
\tallymarks{2}
...
\tallymarks{10}


and get an output like the following:

without the table and the arabic numerals, i.e., only the tally marks themselves.

Update 1

Inspired by Herbert idea, here is an attempt to use PSTricks.

\documentclass{article}

\newcommand*{\tallymarksOne}{
\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)
}
\newcommand*{\tallymarksTwo}{
\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)
\pslineByHand(0.25,0)(0.25,1)
}
\newcommand*{\tallymarksThree}{
\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)
\pslineByHand(0.25,0)(0.25,1)
\pslineByHand(0.5,0)(0.5,1)
}
\newcommand*{\tallymarksFour}{
\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)
\pslineByHand(0.25,0)(0.25,1)
\pslineByHand(0.5,0)(0.5,1)
\pslineByHand(0.75,0)(0.75,1)
}
\newcommand*{\tallymarksFive}{
\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)
\pslineByHand(0.25,0)(0.25,1)
\pslineByHand(0.5,0)(0.5,1)
\pslineByHand(0.75,0)(0.75,1)
\pslineByHand(-0.75,0)(1,1)
}

\newcounter{TallyTemp}
\def\tallymark#1{%
\setcounter{TallyTemp}{#1}%
\ifnum#1>5
\else{\Tally%
\ifcase#1\or
\fi}%
\fi%
\ifnum\theTallyTemp>0 \expandafter\tallymark\expandafter{\theTallyTemp}\fi
}

\begin{document}

\tallymark{0}
\tallymark{1}
\tallymark{2}
\tallymark{3}
\tallymark{4}
\tallymark{5}
\tallymark{14}

\end{document}


When compiling, I get an error:

! Undefined control sequence.
\tallymark ...ounter {TallyTemp}{-5}\else {\Tally
\ifcase #1\or \tallymarksO...
l.50 \tallymark{0}


Update 2

Garbage Coloector's hinted me to the following in the PSTricks manual, but the code won't compile:

\documentclass{article}

\def\PstLineFuzzy[#1](#2,#3)(#4,#5)(#6,#7)(#8,#9){%
\pscurve[#1](! #2 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub
#3 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub)
(! #4 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub
#5 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub)
(! #6 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub
#7 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub)
(! #8 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub
#9 rand 101 mod 1000 div sub)}

\def\PstSticks#1{%
\multido{\iStick=0+1,\nXA=0.1+0.1,\nXB=-0.5+0.1,
\nXC=-0.35+0.10,\nXD=-0.15+0.10}{#1}{%
\pst@cnta=\iStick
\pst@cnth=\iStick
\divide\pst@cnth by 5
\multiply\pst@cnth by 5
\ifnum\iStick>0\relax
\ifnum\pst@cnta=\pst@cnth
\PstLineFuzzy[linecolor=red]%
(\nXB,0.2)(\nXC,0.4)(\nXD,0.6)(\nXA,0.8)
\hbox to 0.2\psxunit{}
\fi
\fi
\PstLineFuzzy[](\nXA,0.1)(\nXA,0.4)(\nXA,0.7)(\nXA,1)}}

\begin{document}

\psset{xunit=0.8,yunit=0.3}%
\begin{tabular}{|l|r|p{5.5cm}|}
\hline
Linux
& 27 & \PstSticks{27} \\ \hline
Mac OS X
& 14 & \PstSticks{14} \\ \hline
Windows XP & 43 & \PstSticks{43} \\ \hline
\end{tabular}

\end{document}


The error is

! Undefined control sequence.
<inserted text> \pst
@cnta=\iStick \pst @cnth=\iStick \divide \pst @cnth by ...
l.38 & 27 & \PstSticks{27}
\\ \hline

-
Paulo Cereda's question contains a TikZ implementation. Look for \drawvotes macro. – JLDiaz Mar 12 '13 at 8:15
@JLDiaz I know. :) I would like to use PSTricks if possible. – Svend Tveskæg Mar 12 '13 at 8:22
If you need fuzzy lines (to mimic hand made tally marks), invoke texdoc pstricks and read the page 283-284. – kiss my armpit Mar 12 '13 at 15:20
@GarbageCollector Really Great, but the code won't compile with xelatex (or latex for that matter). (See update 2.) – Svend Tveskæg Mar 12 '13 at 15:28
\makeatletter ... \makeatother is missing in the new example – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 15:35

with xelatex or lualatex. The font TallyMark is available from http://www.fonts2u.com/tally-mark.font

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\newfontface\Tally{TallyMark}
\newcounter{TallyTemp}
\def\tallymark#1{%
\setcounter{TallyTemp}{#1}%
\ifnum#1>5
\else{\Tally%
\ifcase#1\or
\fi}%
\fi%
\ifnum\theTallyTemp>0 \expandafter\tallymark\expandafter{\theTallyTemp}\fi
}

\begin{document}

\tallymark{0}
\tallymark{1}
\tallymark{2}
\tallymark{3}
\tallymark{4}
\tallymark{5}
\tallymark{14}

\end{document}


If you want to use PSTricks then define the commands \ONE, \TWO, ... and draw the lines. Really simple:

\documentclass{article}
\newcommand*\tallymarksOne{\pslineByHand(0,0)(0,1)}
\newcommand*\tallymarksTwo{\tallymarksOne\pslineByHand(2pt,0)(2pt,1)}
\newcommand*\tallymarksThree{\tallymarksTwo\pslineByHand(4pt,0)(4pt,1)}
\newcommand*\tallymarksFour{\tallymarksThree\pslineByHand(6pt,0)(6pt,1)}
\newcommand*\tallymarksFive{\tallymarksFour\pslineByHand(-17pt,0)(8pt,1)}

\newcounter{TallyTemp}
\def\tallymark#1{%
\setcounter{TallyTemp}{#1}%
\ifnum#1>5
\else%
\ifcase#1\or
\fi%
\fi%
\ifnum\theTallyTemp>0 \expandafter\tallymark\expandafter{\theTallyTemp}\fi
\vspace{1cm}
}

\begin{document}

\tallymark{0}\par
\tallymark{1}\par
\tallymark{2}\par
\tallymark{3}\par
\tallymark{4}\par
\tallymark{5}\par
\tallymark{14}

\end{document}


-
\psLineByHand from pstricks-add – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 9:24
then show what you did so far ... – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 11:39
@SvendMortensen: see edited answer. You can define a height for the lines then it is easier to modify. – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 16:08
the source code of the manual gets lost in the past. – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 16:14
you should copy my last one which has four vertical lines for the five – Herbert Mar 12 '13 at 16:30

You need not any special font, any PSTricks, only \pdfliteral:

\newcount\tmpnum
\def\tallymarks#1{\leavevmode \lower1bp\vbox to9bp{}%
\tmpnum=#1
\loop \ifnum\tmpnum<5 \kern1bp \tallynum\tmpnum \else \tallyV \fi
\ifnum\tmpnum>0 \repeat
}
\def\tallynum#1{\bgroup\tmpnum=#1\relax
\loop \ifnum\tmpnum>0
\kern1bp \tallyI \kern1bp
\repeat
\egroup
}
\def\tallyI{\pdfliteral{q .5 w 0 -1 m 0 8 l S Q}}
\def\tallyV{\kern1bp\pdfliteral{q .5 w -1 0 m 9 7 l S Q}\tallynum4\kern1bp }

test1: \tallymarks{3}

test2: \tallymarks{17}

\bye


-
Nice! I can definitely use both approaches. – Svend Tveskæg 14 hours ago

Here is an expl3 approach:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{xparse}
\ExplSyntaxOn

\int_new:N \snehal_tally_full_int
\int_new:N \snehal_tally_partial_int
\box_new:N \snehal_tally_slash_box

\cs_generate_variant:Nn \int_step_inline:nnnn { nnVn }

\cs_new_protected:Npn \snehal_tally_mark:n #1
{
\int_set:Nn \snehal_tally_full_int { \int_div_truncate:nn { #1 } { 5 } }
\int_set:Nn \snehal_tally_partial_int { \int_mod:nn { #1 } { 5 } }

\int_step_inline:nnVn { 1 } { 1 } \snehal_tally_full_int
{
\hbox_set:Nn \snehal_tally_slash_box { $\big|$ }
\box_rotate:Nn \snehal_tally_slash_box { -70 }
\ensuremath
{
\ooalign
{
$||||$ \tex_cr:D
\hidewidth \tex_raise:D .7ex \box_use:N \snehal_tally_slash_box \hidewidth
}
}~
}
\ensuremath
{
\int_step_inline:nnVn { 1 } { 1 } \snehal_tally_partial_int { | }
}
}

\NewDocumentCommand \tallymark { m }
{
\snehal_tally_mark:n { #1 }
}

\ExplSyntaxOff
\begin{document}

\tallymark{1001}

\end{document}


-
Really nice, Henri! – Svend Tveskæg 23 mins ago