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I'm using the es-minimal option in babel which, among other things, disables accents on operators. Since I want accented operators I used the \accentedoperators command however the operators remain unaccented.

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

In the file spanish.ldf one finds:


which shows the definition of es-minimal in terms of other options; in particular, es-minimal includes


which is responsible for suppressing the effect of \accentedoperators once es-minimal is called.

One possible solution is to use directly the options of es-minimalexcept the one affecting the accents on operators:




enter image description here

Another option is to use a local configuration file for the spanish module; this is done by writing a file spanish.cfg containing almost all the options for es-minimal, except the one for accents. The file spanish.cfg then would look like


Save the file somewhere TeX can find it and then you can load babel using


this will give you accented operators and the remaining options from es-minimal.

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Your solution work fine. So the \accentedoperators command won't work even if I place it after the es-minimal option? Can I patch in some way the es-minimal option definition to allow accented operators? – petobens Jun 14 '13 at 3:04
@petobens indeed, once es-minimal has been used, \accentedoperators will have no effect, as I said in my answer. For the second part of your question, you can use a local configuration files, as explained in my updated answer. – Gonzalo Medina Jun 14 '13 at 3:26
While I understand that the accented "lím" is traditional in Spanish speaking countries, I believe that “lim” is not an abbreviation but rather a symbol used worldwide without an accent. It took me a while switching into using “sin” instead of “sen” (which is used in our schools, because the Italian word is “seno”). – egreg Jun 14 '13 at 9:48
@egreg What about max and minoperators (used for instance in optimization problems)? In spanish the words are written with accents: "máximo" and "mínimo". Should I write them as "máx" or "max"? – petobens Jun 14 '13 at 14:49
@petobens Mine was only a general comment. Do what's expected in your field; the most important thing is consistency across a document; either you accent all your operator names (where the accent is needed, of course) or none. – egreg Jun 14 '13 at 14:52

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