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When trying to compile any document containing the line:


I get the following error:

! Package babel Error: Unknow option `brazilian'. Either you misspelled it
(babel)                or the language definition file brazilian.ldf was not fo

Additional info:

  • I get an analagous error when replacing brazilian by anything other than english.
  • I'm running texlive on Windows, so my way of managing packages is through tlmgr
  • Tried to uninstall and reinstall babel package and got nothing.
  • I sense something is wrong since babel is looking for the file "brazilian.ldf" but this is my output to tlmgr search --global --file "brazilian":
tlmgr.pl: package repository http://mirror.jmu.edu/pub/CTAN/systems/texlive/tlnet

So, no brazilian.ldf here...


Looking at the comments and searching for portuges.ldf file, the following package install command solved the problem here:

tlmgr install babel-portuges

(ps: had to remove old .aux files)

share|improve this question
Use brazil instead. –  Sigur Jun 26 '13 at 22:55
What engine are you using to compile with? (pdfLaTeX? LuaLaTeX?) The brazilian option is a synonym of portuges which is why you won't find a brazilian.ldf. –  Alan Munn Jun 26 '13 at 23:02

2 Answers 2

If you look into babel.sty (version 2013/05/16 v3.9f), you will see the option declaration for brazilian:


Thus the basic language definition file is portuges.ldf. It is often the case that a language can support several dialects and aliases.

The file portuges.ldf is part of package babel-portuges in TeX Live 2013. From tlpkg/texlive.tlpdb (TeX Live Package DataBase):

name babel-portuges
category Package
revision 30284
docfiles size=36
srcfiles size=7
runfiles size=2

As option brazilian is known to babel (see the option declaration above), the file portuges.ldf is very likely not installed. After installing babel-portuges with tlmgr the problem should be solved.

share|improve this answer

If you don't have the language installed you can do it installing texlive-lang-portuguese.

Then the brazilian option should work.

share|improve this answer
I'm sorry, but how exactly can I install it? It's through tlmgr (it says there is no such package)? –  BabelError Jun 27 '13 at 1:31
@BabelError: That's probably a debian/ubuntu package. –  Martin Schröder Jun 27 '13 at 19:02

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