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I'm having serious problems generating a bibliography using TeXshop, and I can't for the life of me figure out how to resolve the problem. I've followed all the helpful hints I could find, and nothing!! When I compile using bibtex (after doing latex first), I get an error stating that it can't find my bib file. My .bib file is located in ~Library/texmf/bibtex/bib, and I'm attempting to call it with \bibliography{Dissertation}. Everything I've read says to put the bib file in that location, and they all seem to assume that doing so makes everything run fine. So, I haven't been able to find much in the way of advice!

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Try to put it on the same folder as your main tex file. –  Sigur Jul 26 '13 at 18:22
    
Have you run texhash? –  Mico Jul 26 '13 at 18:31
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It should work fine (even without running texhash). Can you run bibtex on your file's .aux from the command line? (Note: you don't bibtex your .bib file.) –  jon Jul 26 '13 at 18:35
    
Just a thought, try changing the name of your bib file to dissertation.bib (no upper case). The Mac OS has a funny relation with case sensitivity sometimes. –  Alan Munn Jul 26 '13 at 19:27
    
As jon pointed, a common error is to try to run bibtex on your .bib file instead of the .aux file. So, assuming your main TeX file is main.tex and your BibTeX file is dissertation.bib, you need to call bibtex main and not bibtex dissertation.bib. –  Xavier Jul 26 '13 at 20:05