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I want to use xypic to make diagrams using vertical cofibration arrows, i.e. ones that look like $\rightarrowtail$. Naively using


gives an arrow whose tail overlaps with the source object. There is an exercise in the xyguide that fixes this:

\newdir{ >}{{}*!/-5pt/@{>}}.

But using this for vertical arrows gives tails that are horizontally shifted and do not attach to the shaft. How can I fix this or is there a nicer way to do such arrows in xypic anyway? This is the best I have seen so far but the results are not exceptional.

Here's a MWE

\newdir{ >}{{}*!/-5pt/@{>}}

 S_{P} \ar@{=}[r] \ar@{ >->}[d] & S_{P} \ar@{->>}[r] \ar@{ >->}[d] & 0 \ar@{ >->}[d] \\
 R' \ar@{ >->}[r] \ar@{->>}[d] & R \ar@{->>}[r] \ar@{->>}[d] & M \ar@{=}[d] \\ 
 P' \ar@{ >->}[r] & P \ar@{->>}[r] & M

enter image description here

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Can you add what you have up to now? – egreg Jul 31 '13 at 13:48
I'm no sure what you mean. The \newdir given above is what I have. It works for horizontal arrows but not vertical ones. Do you want an example of its use? – Tom Harris Jul 31 '13 at 14:29
I meant showing the code for a diagram of the kind you want, even if the arrow is wrong. – egreg Jul 31 '13 at 14:52
Sure. The vertical arrows here typeset incorrectly: [ \xymatrix{ S_{P} \ar@{=}[r] \ar@{ >->}[d] & S_{P} \ar@{->>}[r] \ar@{ >->}[d] & 0 \ar@{ >->}[d] \R' \ar@{ >->}[r] \ar@{->>}[d] & R \ar@{->>}[r] \ar@{->>}[d] & M \ar@{=}[d] \P' \ar@{ >->}[r] & P \ar@{->>}[r] & M } ] – Tom Harris Jul 31 '13 at 15:00
the arrowheads used here are very "deep". the arrowheads that match those on the computer modern arrows are much shallower. if you simply change your \usepackage line to \usepackage[all,cmtip]{xy} there will be a more reasonable gap between the arrow tails and what the arrows point from. (not sure why cmtip isn't included in the all option; it's possible that not everyone prefers the cm style, and it's harder to disable an option that's been set than to add one more.) – barbara beeton Jul 31 '13 at 16:59
up vote 6 down vote accepted

a one-line change in your existing example, adding cmtip to


gives this result:

output of original example with code change as indicated

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As you told, from the user guide, we have \newdir{ >}{{}*!/-7pt/\dir{>}}.

Note the empty space before the first use of >.

(Edited: I changed the value to -7pt. Choose what is better to you.)

Then you use it as \ar@{ >->}.

See the result:

enter image description here

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Thanks. It seems I was missing the \dir{>} in the definition of the \newdir. – Tom Harris Jul 31 '13 at 15:37
@TomHarris, there must have been a change in Xy at some point. I have a version of the user guide from 1999 which does not include the \dir. – Mike Shulman Jun 6 '14 at 21:07
Hmm, okay, maybe that's not it; I just downloaded the up-to-date user guide and it also uses @{>} rather than \dir{>}. Do you by chance have a \makeatletter before your \newdir? I did, and removing it fixed the problem for me. – Mike Shulman Jun 6 '14 at 21:15
@Sigur: What would be the analogous code to make \ar@{^{(}->} not overlap so much? – jdc Feb 18 '15 at 0:58
@jdc, sorry, I'm not sure I'm following. – Sigur Feb 18 '15 at 13:20

If you are willing to switch to tikz-cd, here's the same diagram:



S_{P} \arrow[equal]{r} \arrow[tail]{d} &
 S_{P} \arrow[two heads]{r} \arrow[tail]{d} &
 0 \arrow[tail]{d} \\
R' \arrow[tail]{r} \arrow[two heads]{d} &
 R \arrow[two heads]{r} \arrow[two heads]{d} &
 M \arrow[equal]{d} \\
P' \arrow[tail]{r} & P \arrow[two heads]{r} & M


enter image description here

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I tried using your code and the equals arrows displayed as normal arrows. Any idea why? – Tom Harris Jul 31 '13 at 16:38
It works here on TeXlive 2011 and Lubuntu 11.10. – Sigur Jul 31 '13 at 16:44
I'm using whatever distribution comes with Kile on Ubuntu 13.04. – Tom Harris Jul 31 '13 at 16:53

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