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I've read a couple of questions recently about tabular environments, and it seems there's a whole bunch of packages that do stuff in this field. I'd really like a summary of what each package does, and which conflict.

For example a quick google (plus my memory) got me tabularx, booktabs, multirow, collcell, array, mdwtab, longtable, supertabular...

Which should I be using for what purposes? And more importantly, which conflict?

[Should this be CW? One package per answer sort of thing?]

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I agree with you that this question should be CW, as I assume there's not a single answer but many users may freely contribute their knowledge and experience. So I converted it to CW. –  Stefan Kottwitz Mar 4 '11 at 18:11
    
Such questions are usually answered by reading (the abstracts in) the manuals of the mentioned packages. –  Thorsten Donig Mar 5 '11 at 9:23
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@Thorsten Good point. I've changed the emphasis of the question. What the abstracts won't tell you is which packages conflict –  Seamus Mar 5 '11 at 11:43
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@Thorsten, @Seamus: I don't see the point. It's a great question, Seamus, and it's very valuable to have this overview here since that's a lot quicker to look through than a bunch of (abstracts of) manuals. –  Hendrik Vogt Mar 5 '11 at 22:27
    
I just saw this question because it had been bumped up for some reason. I thought "huh, that's a great question"... I'd totally forgotten that I had asked it! –  Seamus Jun 23 '11 at 10:56
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2 Answers

up vote 64 down vote accepted

I would like to start with a small list that used to be part of the wiki and is now maintained here.

Overview of packages

Basic packages

  • array offers more flexible column formatting; fixes to some spacing issues. An almost "must-use" package.

  • booktabs supports professional looking tables; better vertical spacing; better rules; specifically designed for tables without vertical lines (the norm for publication-quality tables).

  • tabularx provides a column type which expands to fill the specified width of the table.

  • tabulary provides column types which are proportional to the natural width of their contents.

  • multirow lets tabular material span multiple rows.

  • dcolumn creates columns which align on a decimal marker. Similar packages: numprint, rccol, warpcol. Cf. also siunitx below.

  • tabularht sets the tabular with a specified height.

Multi-page tables

Captioning and notes

  • threeparttable typesets tables with captions and notes matching width.

  • threeparttablex provides the functionality of threeparttable to tables created using longtable.

  • floatrow (although mainly about customizing layouts of float environments) allows for footnotes and additional explanations in tables.

Science

  • siunitx (although mainly about typesetting values with units) provides the S column type that aligns on a decimal mark.

Color and fancy features

  • colortbl is intended for colored rows/columns/cells. The xcolor package with the table option provides alternating table row colors to extend it.

  • arydshln can print horizontal and vertical dashed lines.

  • delarray adds delimiters (braces, parentheses, brackets) to arrays.

  • bigdelim inserts variable-sized multi-row delimiters into a table.

  • blkarray splits arrays into blocks and add delimiters for each block.

  • makecell multiple line cells, better headers, gape in cells, numbered rows, thick lines, diagonally divided cells, etc.

  • slashbox diagonally divided tabular cell.

  • hhline better double line producing.

  • tabularkv adds a key value interface for tabular properties.

All-rounder

  • tabu is a single package that provides much of the functionality of many of the above packages.

Which packages are especially recommendable? A quick guide:

  • array is a universal talent for tuning whole columns by commands
  • tabularx is great for auto-sizing columns
  • booktabs is a must for professional-looking layout
  • longtable is very popular for multi-page tables.

Choose further packages depending on the required features.

Package conflicts

  • xtab and supertabular don't work together. Loading both would cause a conflict. xtab should be preferred, since it's written as an extension to supertabular.

  • According to the manual, arydshln has to be loaded after array, longtable, colortab, and colortbl, respectively. Such a problem occurred in this question: Cannot insert multirow within multicolumn

  • Also, arydshln conflicts with supertabular.

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@lockstep and @Alan Munn contributed most of that nice list in the tag wiki, which has been the start. @Alan Munn: Sorry, didn't see this first, when I checked just the excerpt history instead of the main one, and {tabular} is gone. –  Stefan Kottwitz Mar 4 '11 at 21:14
    
Alan Munn did most of the work -- I only contributed a little copying and pasting. –  lockstep Mar 4 '11 at 23:50
    
Brilliant. Thanks for the work guys! Perhaps to make this question more than just a copy of the tag wiki, let's make it about which tabular packages conflict. –  Seamus Mar 5 '11 at 11:44
    
I'd submit my package to "Multi-page tables": cals: Multi-page tables with spanned cells and decorations –  olpa Jun 21 '13 at 13:50
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cellspace is a very useful package to add, for example, to booktabs. With these two packages, you'll get very fine results:

From the readme of cellspace:

Package cellspace: Ensuring a minimal spacing of table cells.

[...]

This package is intended to allow automatic spacing out of the lines of an array. People often complain about text touching the \hline of a tabular when it is too high or too deep.

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