# How to place abstract before first section in org-mode's LaTeX-export

Here's another newbie question about org-mode's LaTeX export:

Given this file test.org

#+BEGIN_abstract
asdf, or whatever I want to write in the abstract ...
#+END_abstract

* Introduction
This is my inroduction ...


an export via

$emacs --batch --visit=./test.org --funcall org-export-as-latex  Produces this error: unbalanced begin/end_abstract blocks with "#+BEGIN_abstract "  When I switch the abstract and introduction in the file, everything works fine: * Introduction #+BEGIN_abstract asdf, or whatever I want to write in the abstract ... #+END_abstract  But then, the abstract comes within the introduction. However, I need it to be before the introduction. How can I achieve this? I'm running Emacs 23 on Ubuntu 12.04. UPDATE following the advice by @giordano, I created a file emacs_setup.el: (defun org-export-latex-no-toc (depth) (when depth (format "%% Org-mode is exporting headings to %s levels.\n" depth))) (setq org-export-latex-format-toc-function 'org-export-latex-no-toc)  And changed my org file to #+TITLE: My Document #+AUTHOR: Andreas H. #+LATEX: \tableofcontents #+LATEX: \listoftables #+LATEX: \listoffigures #+begin_abstract asdf, or whatever I want to write in the abstract ... #+end_abstract * Introduction  But when calling $ emacs --batch -l emacs_setup.el --visit=test.org --funcall org-export-as-latex


I get the exact same error.

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## migrated from stackoverflow.comAug 11 '13 at 15:17

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

See orgmode.org/worg/org-tutorials/org-latex-export.html#sec-11-1 Does it help? Perhaps you need also to set a title before the abstract. –  giordano Aug 10 '13 at 14:31
no, it doesn't help. See updated question. –  andreas-h Aug 10 '13 at 14:50
I don't know what's the problem, with Emacs 24 and org-mode 8 I don't get that error. –  giordano Aug 10 '13 at 15:02
maybe a change in org-mode 8? I'll try installing emacs24 with the new org-mode and see if the error persists. –  andreas-h Aug 10 '13 at 15:57
@giordano Thanks for your help, installing Emacs 24 and org-mode 8.0.7 indeed solved my problem. –  andreas-h Aug 11 '13 at 8:53

I usually use the LaTeX code directly for this result

\begin{abstract}

This is the abstract.

\end{abstract}

* Introduction

This is the introduction.

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