# Vertical space after title of unnumbered chapters (bibliography/ToC)

The title pretty much says it all: It is possible to add arbitrary vertical space after the title of the ToC or bibliography page within the report document class?

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What document class? For most sectioning commands you can adjust them easily with the titlesec package. See e.g. this question: Formatting each part/section/subsection –  Alan Munn Mar 8 '11 at 5:25
So sorry, I should have included that info. I edited the question to include it! Thanks for the info; I'll check it out. –  Kristen Mar 8 '11 at 5:29
Since you have some responses below that seem to answer your question, please consider marking one of them as ‘Accepted’ by clicking on the tickmark below their vote count. This shows which answer helped you most, and it assigns reputation points to the author of the answer (and to you!). –  lockstep Mar 13 '11 at 10:40
@lockstep I haven't marked any of the answer choices because I haven't found a solution to the problem yet. But I shall arbitrarily mark yours now. –  Kristen Mar 14 '11 at 17:02
You should update your question to explain why none of the answers given so far is satisfying. Also, it's okay to revoke acceptance of an answer if an even better answer comes along. –  lockstep Mar 14 '11 at 17:31

## 2 Answers

It is possible with titlesec to specify different formatting for numbered and unnumbered versions of sectioning commands: Use the numberless key within the first argument of \titleformat and/or \titlespacing. See p. 9 of the titlesec manual for details. (Note: For \titlespacing to work with \chapter or \part, you have to use \titleformat as well.)

\documentclass{report}

\usepackage{titlesec}
\titleformat{\chapter}[display]
{\normalfont\huge\bfseries}{\chaptertitlename~\thechapter}{20pt}{\Huge}
\titlespacing*{\chapter}{0pt}{50pt}{40pt}
\titlespacing*{name=\chapter,numberless}{0pt}{200pt}{40pt}

\begin{document}

\tableofcontents

\chapter{foo}

\begin{thebibliography}{9}
\bibitem{1} A bibitem.
\end{thebibliography}

\end{document}

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The TOC and References use \chapter* in the report class. You can use the titlesec package to format \chapter* or \section* headings (see lockstep's answer) or you could simply modify the code from the class itself:

Add the following to your preamble, and adjust the spacing as you need:

\makeatletter
\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%
\vspace*{50\p@}% space before the title
{\parindent \z@ \raggedright
\normalfont
\interlinepenalty\@M
\Huge \bfseries  #1\par\nobreak
\vskip 40\p@ % space after the title
}}
\makeatother

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I have to disagree -- it is possible to define specific formatting for the starred versions of sectioning commands with titlesec. See my answer. –  lockstep Mar 8 '11 at 7:09
Thanks. I wasn't aware of that option despite having used titlesec for years. I've edited my answer to be an alternative. –  Alan Munn Mar 8 '11 at 12:22