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I'm writing my dissertation and have a few sections that are small, less than a page, each with a figure. I'm letting the figures float to the next section to keep them from being on a page by themselves (they don't merit a full page, and there are lots anyway). The problem comes when I end up with a section starting on the last line or two of a page, with no text following it before the page break which is a no-no. If I can, I use \clearpage, but that doesn't allow a figure from a previous section to be placed in the next section. If I can't use \clearpage without orphaning a figure, I am using \vspace{3em} in front of the next section command just to bump it to another page. When I do this, though, the Table of Contents entry for the second section displays the page for the first section. Here's the MWE:

\documentclass[12pt]{report}

\begin{document}

\pagenumbering{roman}
\pagestyle{plain}
Abstract
\addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{Abstract}

\tableofcontents
\include{table_of_contents}

\pagenumbering{arabic}

\chapter{}

\section{First section}

This takes up just enough space so the section title of the NEXT section is a 
line all by itself at the bottom of the last page of this section. 

\vspace{30em}
\section{Second section}

\end{document}

I'm looking for a way to either get the ToC page numbers to be correct or to bump the section title down in a way that lets the figures float around still (which will presumably ALSO get the ToC numbers right).

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closed as unclear what you're asking by lockstep, Sean Allred, Jubobs, Peter Jansson, barbara beeton Dec 5 '13 at 17:57

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

    
This isn't really a minimal working example (MWE) since you're include documents that aren't available. Use the lipsum package to create dummy text and mwe's example-image-a image in order to recreate your problem yet be standalone. –  Werner Aug 22 '13 at 5:39
    
What document am I including that's not available? The only thing I can see that you might be referring to is the \include{table_of_contents} line, but I thought that was generated by the \tableofcontents command? I made an empty directory to run the test in for myself, and it ran with no problems, with only the code I have presented. What am I missing? –  user134711 Aug 22 '13 at 6:01
    
Yes, I was referring to \include{table_of_contents}. This typically searches for table_of_contents.tex, but if it's not there, it will not include anything. You might be interested in the needspace package. –  Werner Aug 22 '13 at 6:07
    
Hmm, when I do it, it generates table_of_contents.aux which the \include command happily accepts. I'm using the generic MacTeX install. I'll look into the needspace package, though, thanks. –  user134711 Aug 22 '13 at 6:09
    
@user134711 Generating table_of_contents.aux is part of how \include works; the file will contain nothing useful. –  egreg Aug 22 '13 at 7:44