# Adjusting spacing on chapter heading for all sections of a thesis

My university recently changed the formatting standards for thesis/dissertations, and I'm working with a LaTeX style file that has been hacked on by several others. It more or less works, but every time I have to change something, I have to manually override formatting.

The main problem is the spacing from the top of the page to the chapter (or "List of...") heading. The standard requires that these be 2" from the top of the page, centered, in 12pt roman type with two single-space blank lines following.

As requested, here is a 'minimal' example. Unfortunately, there's a lot of stuff going on in these files, and I'm having trouble making sense of it.

In the utcthesis.cls file, I have the following:

\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}%
\def\filename{utcthesis.cls}%
\def\fileversion{ver 1.0.0}%
\def\filedate{March 30, 2010}%
\ProvidesClass{utcthesis}
% some internal variables
\def\thesisID{1}%
\def\dissertationID{2}%
\def\theDocumentType#1{\gdef\@theDocumentType{#1}}%
\def\documentID#1{\gdef\@documentID{#1}}% documentID is either 1 (for thesis) or 2 (for dissertation)
% declare package options
\DeclareOption{thesis}{%
\def\@theDocumentType{thesis}%
\def\@documentID{\thesisID}}%
\DeclareOption{dissertation}{%
\def\@theDocumentType{dissertation}%
\def\@documentID{\dissertationID}}%
\DeclareOption{linespacing}{\@lnspacing}
\DeclareOption*{\PassOptionsToPackage{\CurrentOption}{color}}%
\DeclareOption*{\PassOptionsToClass{\CurrentOption}{report}}%
\ExecuteOptions{dissertation,letterpaper,12pt}% execute default options
\ProcessOptions%
\RequirePackage{amsmath,amsthm,amssymb}     % AMS math, AMS theorem, AMS fonts
\RequirePackage{setspace}                   % line spacing
\RequirePackage[vcentering,dvips]{geometry} % help with margins
\RequirePackage{color}
\RequirePackage{multicol}
\let\origdoublepage\cleardoublepage
\newcommand{\clearemptydoublepage}{%
\clearpage
{\pagestyle{empty}\origdoublepage}%
}
\let\cleardoublepage\clearemptydoublepage
\hypersetup{%
bookmarksnumbered = true,
pdfpagelayout=SinglePage,
bookmarksopen=False,
pdfborder=0 0 0,        % make all links invisible, so the pdf looks good when printed
pdffitwindow=true,      % window fit to page when opened
pdfnewwindow=true,      % links in new window
citecolor=magenta,      % color of links to bibliography
filecolor=magenta,      % color of file links
urlcolor=cyan           % color of external links
}
\geometry{
letterpaper,
left = 1.0in,
right = 1.0in,
top = 1.0in,
bottom = 1.2in
}
\hyphenpenalty=5000 % reduce hyphenation as much as possible
\tolerance=1000     % goes with the previous command
\clubpenalty=10000    % Minimize orphans orphans(eliminate 10000)
\widowpenalty=10000   % Minimize widows
\brokenpenalty=10000  % Do not allow hyphen across pages
\renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\fnsymbol{footnote}}
\raggedbottom
\pagestyle{plain}
\vspace*{0.5in }%
\begin{center}
\uppercase{#1}
\mbox{} \\
\end{center}
}
\vspace*{0.5in }%
\begin{center}
CHAPTER \thechapter
\mbox{} \\
\uppercase{#1}
\mbox{} \\
\end{center}
}
\def\@chapter[#1]#2{\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
\refstepcounter{chapter}%
\typeout{\@chapapp\space\thechapter.}%
{\protect\numberline{\thechapter}\uppercase{#2}}%
\else
\fi
\chaptermark{#1}%
\if@twocolumn
\else
\fi
}

\renewcommand\section{\@startsection {section}{1}{\z@}%
{-3.5ex \@plus -1ex \@minus -.2ex}%
{2.3ex \@plus.2ex}%
{\normalsize}}

\renewcommand\subsection{\@startsection {section}{1}{\z@}%
{-3.5ex \@plus -1ex \@minus -.2ex}%
{2.3ex \@plus.2ex}%
{\normalsize\centering}}

\cleardoublepage
\phantomsection
}
\cleardoublepage
\phantomsection
\pdfbookmark[#1]{#2}{#3}
}
\endinput


In thesis.tex:

\documentclass[thesis,monochrome,letterpaper,12pt]{utcthesis} %thesis, one side, monochrome text
\renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{2.0}
\usepackage{indentfirst}
\usepackage{verbatim}
\usepackage{float}
\usepackage[numbers]{natbib}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage{url}
\usepackage[inactive]{srcltx}
\usepackage{relsize}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{mathrsfs}
\usepackage{setspace}
\usepackage{subfigure}
\usepackage[subfigure]{tocloft}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage[format=hang,labelsep=space,skip=20pt]{caption}
\usepackage{algpseudocode}
\usepackage{algorithm}
\usepackage{longtable}
\usepackage[acronym,nonumberlist,nopostdot]{glossaries}
\usepackage{setspace}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{blindtext}
\renewcommand{\cftchapnumwidth}{2em}
\setlength{\cftchapindent}{0.5in}
\setlength{\cftsecindent}{6em}
\setlength{\cftsubsecindent}{1.5in}
\setlength{\cftsubsubsecindent}{2.0in}
%TOC formatting
\renewcommand{\cftchapnumwidth}{2em}
\setlength{\cftchapindent}{.5in}
\renewcommand{\cftsecindent}{6em }
\setcounter{tocdepth}{1}
%Set proper spacing after lot, lof, toc, headings
\setlength{\cftbeforetoctitleskip}{0.45in}
\setlength{\cftaftertoctitleskip}{1em}
\setlength{\cftafterloftitleskip}{1em}
\setlength{\cftafterlottitleskip}{1em}
\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
\setlength{\cftbeforepartskip}{1.5em}
\renewcommand{\cftchappagefont}{\fontsize{11}{13}}
\renewcommand{\cftchapfont}{\fontsize{11}{13}}
\renewcommand{\cftpartpagefont}{\fontsize{11}{13}}
\renewcommand{\cftpartfont}{\fontsize{11}{13}}
\renewcommand{\cftsecfont}{\fontsize{11}{13}}
\setlength{\cftbeforefigskip}{1em}
\setlength{\cftbeforetabskip}{1em}
\raggedbottom
\begin{document}
\renewcommand{\listfigurename}{\begin{center}\textmd{ \normalsize LIST OF FIGURES}\end{center}\vspace*{-0.18in}}
\renewcommand{\listtablename}{\begin{center}\textmd{ \normalsize LIST OF TABLES}\end{center}\vspace*{-0.18in}}
\renewcommand{\bibname}{\begin{center}\textmd{\normalsize REFERENCES}\end{center}\vspace*{-0.18in}}
\pagenumbering{alph} % this is needed to clear certain issues with the hyperref package
\newacronym{aip}{$\mathrm{AIP}$}{Aerodynamic Interface Plane}
\newacronym{cfd}{$\mathrm{CFD}$}{Computational Fluid Dynamics}
\makeglossaries
\singlespacing
{\singlespacing
\vspace*{-2em}
\listoftables % generate a list of tables
}
\doublespacing
\printglossary[style=long,type=\acronymtype,title=LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS]
\newpage
\pagenumbering{arabic}
\setcounter{page}{1}
\chapter{First Chapter}
\blindtext
\begin{table}[htb]
\centering
\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{1.25}
\caption{Just some data}
\begin{tabular}{lcc}
\toprule
Column A           & Col B  & Col C \\
\midrule
Row 1   & 0.9558 & 0.6531 \\
Row 2         & 0.9572 & 0.6508 \\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{table}
\end{document}


If you compile the thesis.tex file, you should be able to see that the size and spacing of the Chapter 1 and List of Abbreviations headings match, but the Table of Contents and the List of Tables headings do not match.

My goal is to get this fixed in a way that is easy to maintain, then share it with everyone else at the school.

If it helps, the style guide is here: http://www.utc.edu/graduate-school/pdfs/thesis-dissertation-standards-3-25-13.pdf

The LaTeX files are on Bitbucket: https://bitbucket.org/tonymcdaniel/utc_thesis

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There is an analogous \@makeschapterhead for starred chapters which you should redefine. \chapter* is used for the ToC, LoF and LoT... – Werner Oct 25 '13 at 20:48
Could you strip out all the unnecessary stuff and just post a minimal working example (MWE)? It's too much to download someone's entire thesis hierarchy. Just a small document that replicates the problem that you can include in your post. – Werner Oct 25 '13 at 21:30

When I compiled a little test file with your class, it was very close to what you wanted it to be. As far as I can see, there isn't enough space between the chapter heading and the body and the top of the page. For both problems you can define the \@makechapterhead (in utcthesis.cls) as:

\renewcommand{\@makechapterhead}[1]{%
\vspace*{1in}%
\begin{center}
CHAPTER \thechapter
\mbox{} \\
\uppercase{#1}
\mbox{} \\[2\baselineskip]
\end{center}
}


It will now add space above and below. With this solution, you have to adjust the actual needed space for the \vspace in line 2. It depends on the page spread of your document. While the class is doing this for you, the given solution will work as far as you are using THIS class. In this case: 1in (to obtain a total of 2in from the upper border to the chapter title).

A Simple Test:

\documentclass{utcthesis}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\begin{document}
\chapter{Test}\lipsum
\end{document}


(This is, by the way, a minimal example. None of the packages loaded in your sample preamble will effect the sectioning headings.)

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