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I have a matrix equation like

Ax=b

I'd like to include the dimensions under each, like so

\underset{p\times k}{A} \underset{k\times 1}{x} = \underset{p\times 1}{b} 

The problem is that this is ugly, at least in the Beamer template I'm using. Is there a better way to typeset this?

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2 Answers 2

up vote 2 down vote accepted

It's common to place the matrix dimensions as subscripts, so you could use

\[
A_{\scriptscriptstyle p\times k}x_{\scriptscriptstyle k\times 1}=b_{\scriptscriptstyle p\times 1}
\]

EDIT: an option would be to show the dimensions only on one slide and to hide them on other slide(s) using something like this:

\[
  \onslide<1,2>{A}\only<1>{_{\scriptscriptstyle p\times k}}    
  \onslide<1,2>{x}\only<1>{_{\scriptscriptstyle k\times 1}} =
  \onslide<1,2>{b}\only<1>{_{\scriptscriptstyle p\times 1}} 
\]

EDIT2: a variant on Caramdir's solution, but focusing on the contents:

\documentclass{beamer}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usefonttheme[mathonly]{serif}

\begin{document}

\begin{frame}
\begin{center}
\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style={inner sep =1pt},dim/.style={red!50!black}]
\onslide<1->{\node (meq) at (0,0) {$Ax=b$};}
\onslide<2->{\node[dim] (A) at (-1,-0.8) {$\scriptscriptstyle p\times k$};
  \draw[->,red!50!black] (A) -- (meq.200);}\pause
\onslide<3->{\node[dim] (x) at (-0.25,-0.8) {$\scriptscriptstyle k\times 1$};
  \draw[->,red!50!black] (x) -- (meq.215);}\pause
\onslide<4->{\node[dim] (b) at (1,-0.8) {$\scriptscriptstyle p\times 1$};
  \draw[->,red!50!black] (b) -- (meq.341);}\pause
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{center}
\end{frame}

\end{document}
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If you want to get fancy, you could use TikZ:

TikZ suggestion

\documentclass{beamer}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{positioning}

% for some reason it is impossible to define keys with arguments inside a frame.
\pgfkeys{/tikz/l/.style={right=0pt of #1.base east, anchor=base west}}

\begin{document}

\begin{frame}
\begin{center}
\begin{tikzpicture}[
    inner sep=0,
    style-A/.style={color=red!50!black},
    style-x/.style={color=blue!50!black},
    style-b/.style={color=green!50!black},
    a/.style={->,shorten >=2pt,thick}
    ]
    \node[style-A] (A) {$A$};
    \node[l=A, style-x] (x) {$x$};
    \node[l=x] (eq) {${}={}$};
    \node[l=eq, style-b] (b) {$b$};

    \node[style-A] (A-desc) at (-0.5,-0.7) {$p \times k$};
    \node[style-x] (x-desc) at (0.5,-1.2) {$k \times 1$};
    \node[style-b] (b-desc) at (1.4,-0.7) {$p \times 1$};

    \draw[a,style-A] (A-desc) -- (A.south);
    \draw[a,style-x] (x-desc) -- (x.south);
    \draw[a,style-b] (b-desc) -- (b.south);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{center}
\end{frame}
\end{document}
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+1 for creativity! Giving it to @Gonzalo Medina as it's more comprehensive, but thanks –  JMS Apr 11 '11 at 17:09

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