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The table is too wide, and I want to make it narrower by wrapping the Second under the First, how should I achieve this?

The latex code looks like this currently:

\begin{table*}[t]
  \centering
  \caption{Add caption}
    \begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
    \hline
    \multirow{2}[4]{*}{Case Study} & \multirow{2}[4]{*}{5} & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{IBEA} \bigstrut\\
\cline{3-5}        &     & FD & P & U \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{First Second} & Run (c.) & 6090 & 6605 & 7976\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 6665 & 6187 & 6609 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 39332 & 46001 & 46765 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{First Second} & Run (c.) & 4418 & 4459 & 4513 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4480 & 4384 & 443 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 21081 & 21897 & 21613\bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{First Second} & Run (c.) & 4163 & 4251 & 4282 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4241 & 4186 & 4302\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 1217 & 1456 & 2524 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \end{tabular}%
  \label{tab:addlabel}%
\end{table*}%

enter image description here

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marked as duplicate by Werner, Jesse, Adam Liter, Heiko Oberdiek, Masroor Mar 14 at 5:58

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

1  
This is no different than your other question... –  Werner Mar 14 at 3:37

3 Answers 3

up vote 2 down vote accepted

For example, this can be achieved by a nested table:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{multirow,bigstrut}

% The optional argument specifies the horizontal alignment:
% l = left aligned
% c = centered
% r = right aligned
\newcommand*{\tab}[2][c]{%
  \begin{tabular}{@{}#1@{}}%
    #2%
  \end{tabular}%
}

\begin{document}
\begin{table*}[t]
  \centering
  \caption{Add caption}
    \begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
    \hline
    \multirow{2}[4]{*}{\tab{Case\\Study}} & \multirow{2}[4]{*}{5} & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{IBEA} \bigstrut\\
\cline{3-5}        &     & FD & P & U \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\tab{First\\Second}} & Run (c.) & 6090 & 6605 & 7976\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 6665 & 6187 & 6609 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 39332 & 46001 & 46765 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\tab{First\\Second}} & Run (c.) & 4418 & 4459 & 4513 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4480 & 4384 & 443 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 21081 & 21897 & 21613\bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\tab{First\\Second}} & Run (c.) & 4163 & 4251 & 4282 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4241 & 4186 & 4302\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 1217 & 1456 & 2524 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \end{tabular}%
  \label{tab:addlabel}%
\end{table*}%
\end{document}

Result

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thanks, can "First Second" be in the centre of the cell? –  sweetyBaby Mar 14 at 2:11
    
@sweetyBaby Change \newcommand*{\tab}[1]{\begin{tabular}{@{}l@{}}#1\end{tabular}} to \newcommand*{\tab}[1]{\begin{tabular}{@{}c@{}}#1\end{tabular}}. –  Gonzalo Medina Mar 14 at 2:27

I just put the column entries that needed stacking into stacks. The stack alignment is controlled with an optional argument to the stack: [l], [c], or [r]. Also, I set the vertical stacking gap in the preamble with \setstackgap{S}{length}.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{multirow, bigstrut}
\usepackage{stackengine}
\setstackgap{S}{8pt}
\begin{document}
\begin{table*}[t]
  \centering
  \caption{Add caption}
    \begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
    \hline
    \multirow{2}[4]{*}{\Shortunderstack{Case Study}} & \multirow{2}[4]{*}{5} & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{IBEA} \bigstrut\\
\cline{3-5}        &     & FD & P & U \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\Shortunderstack{First Second}} & Run (c.) & 6090 & 6605 & 7976\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 6665 & 6187 & 6609 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 39332 & 46001 & 46765 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\Shortunderstack{First Second}} & Run (c.) & 4418 & 4459 & 4513 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4480 & 4384 & 443 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 21081 & 21897 & 21613\bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \multirow{3}[6]{*}{\Shortunderstack{First Second}} & Run (c.) & 4163 & 4251 & 4282 \bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4241 & 4186 & 4302\bigstrut\\
\cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 1217 & 1456 & 2524 \bigstrut\\
    \hline
    \end{tabular}%
  \label{tab:addlabel}%
\end{table*}%
\end{document}

enter image description here

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A solution using the makecell package: its aim is specifically to allow multine cells and it has a \multirowcellcommand with a syntax slightly different from that of \multirow. I also suggest to replace the bigstrut package with `cellspace; this package allows to define a minimal distance between the top of a row and the bottom of the row above (\cellspacetoplimit) and symmetrically a \cellspacebottomlimit. In order to make this setting effective, one has to prefix the alignment parameter of the columns with the letter S. It works in math mode with the math option.

        \documentclass{article}

        \usepackage{array, makecell, multirow, bigstrut}
        \usepackage{cellspace} 
      \cellspacetoplimit = 4pt
       \cellspacebottomlimit  = 4pt

        \begin{document}

      \begin{table*}[t]
        \centering
        \caption{Add caption}
        \begin{tabular}{|Sc|Sc|Sc|Sc|Sc|}
        \hline
        \multirow{2}[4]{*}{Case Study} & \multirow{2}[4]{*}{5} & \multicolumn{3}{Sc|}{IBEA} \\%
    \cline{3-5}        &     & FD & P & U \\%
        \hline
        \multirowcell{3}[-4pt]{First \\[6pt] Second} & Run (c.) & 6090 & 6605 & 7976 \\%
    \cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 6665 & 6187 & 6609 \\%\
    \cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 39332 & 46001 & 46765 \\%
        \hline
        \multirowcell{3}[-4pt]{First \\[6pt] Second} & Run (c.) & 4418 & 4459 & 4513 \\%
    \cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4480 & 4384 & 443 \\%
    \cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 21081 & 21897 & 21613 \\%
        \hline
        \multirowcell{3}[-4pt]{First \\[6pt] Second} & Run (c.) & 4163 & 4251 & 4282 \\%
    \cline{2-5}        & Run (nc.) & 4241 & 4186 & 4302 \\%
    \cline{2-5}        & \#Missed & 1217 & 1456 & 2524 \\%
        \hline
        \end{tabular}%
        \label{tab:addlabel}%
        \end{table*}%

        \end{document} 

enter image description here

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