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Sample running code:

\documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{lmodern}
\usepackage[hidelinks]{hyperref} % Hyperref package for url's and [hidelinks] option to remove collouring

\title{Test}
\author{Thanos}

\begin{document}

\maketitle
\tableofcontents

\begin{abstract}
  This is abstract
\end{abstract}

\section{Section 1}

Referecnce example~\cite{ref:thanos}

\bibliographystyle{./IEEEtran}
\bibliography{./IEEEabrv,./references/ref}

\end{document}

It seems like a very simple question/answer but I can not find the error/solution to my problem. I am trying to understand why IEEEtran class is the problem of the code. While I am compiling the current example I keep getting this error:

LaTeX Warning: Citationref:thanos' on page 1 undefined on input line 21.`

I know that this question has been answered here Undefined citation warnings, which states that the user should compile the code with the following process:

  1. latex
  2. bibtex
  3. latex
  4. latex

I tried the following process, but unfortunately, my problem was not solved.

If I change my \bibliographystyle{plain} and \bibliography{./references/ref} it compiles normally. I have also include the IEEEtran.cls in the same compiling file but unfortunately did help.

Also I tried to compile with LaTeXiLa and a different error is printed:

latexmk -pdf -synctex=1 name.tex
Rule 'bibtex name': File changes, etc:
  Non-existent destination files:
    'name.bbl'
Latexmk: I WON'T RUN 'bibtex configuration' because I don't find the following files:
  ./IEEEabrv.bib
Latexmk: Use the -f option to force complete processing,
 unless error was exceeding maximum runs of latex/pdflatex.
Latexmk: applying rule 'bibtex configuration'...
Latexmk: Errors, so I did not complete making targets

As a next step I deleted all files apart from the .tex file and the reference file, still the same error (terminal and compiler).

The reference sample that I am using:

@online {ref:thanos,
title = {Statistics},
author = {ITU 2014 All Rights Reserved},
titleaddon = {{ITU}},
year = {2014},
month = {Mar.},
urldate = {2014-03-05},
howpublished = {\url{http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx#}}
}

I also tried the format of the reference to @MISC but unfortunately the error is not solved.

I am not 100% sure if I am using biblatex or bibtex, so I am sorry I can not provide more information about it.

Has anybody encounter the same error? I can not find similar information or solution. Thanks in advance for your time and effort.

share|improve this question
    
well you should be running bibtex but as yiou showed in the error message it did not run as you haven't got ` ./IEEEabrv.bib` did you mean to have ./IEEEabrv in the \bibliography command (which tries to load a .bib file of that name? –  David Carlisle Mar 28 at 23:24
    
@DavidCarlisle, to be honest I found an example here where I followed their structure \bibliography{IEEEabrv,mybibfile}. This is not the correct way to define the IEEEabrv ref.? –  Thanos Mar 28 at 23:35
    
It's legal syntax but only if you have two bibliography files to load, IEEEabrv.bib and mybibfile.bib. –  David Carlisle Mar 29 at 0:00
    
@DavidCarlisle, ok so I guess the correct format for my use would be: \bibliographystyle{./IEEEtran} and \bibliography{./references/ref}. It is extra and unecessary the part \bibliography{./IEEEabrv}. I removed this extra line and I also added the usepackage{cite} but still the same error. –  Thanos Mar 29 at 0:13
1  
To find the error, you should have ignored the warning from latex (which just meant bibtex had not made the bibliography) and concentrated on bibtex. With the ./ before the bibtex style I get I couldn't open style file ./IEEEtran.bst ---line 20 of file bt77.aux : \bibstyle{./IEEEtran which is bibtex telling you that it can not find the file ./IEEtran.bib in the current directory –  David Carlisle Mar 29 at 1:28

1 Answer 1

up vote 4 down vote accepted

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It works for me after

pdflatex file
bibtex file
pdflatex file
pdlfatex file

I removed the ./ from the bibliography style as it isn't installed in the current directory.

I saved the bibliography entry you posted as ref.bib in the current directory, and the code below as file.tex

\documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{lmodern}
\usepackage[hidelinks]{hyperref} % Hyperref package for url's and [hidelinks] option to remove collouring

\title{Test}
\author{Thanos}

\begin{document}

\maketitle
\tableofcontents

\begin{abstract}
  This is abstract
\end{abstract}

\section{Section 1}

Referecnce example~\cite{ref:thanos}

\bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}
\bibliography{ref}

\end{document}
share|improve this answer
    
You are absolutely right. Is it possible to provide with some more information/reference to read more about the (./) before the file. As I see it in many examples and I might miss using it. Thank you in advance for your time and effort. –  Thanos Mar 29 at 0:58
    
@Thanos well the file path syntax is basically just sent to the operating system, but just as if you are running a command ./foo is essentially an absolute path to a file foo in the current directory but foo searches the input path (in TeX's case looking in current directory first) –  David Carlisle Mar 29 at 1:02
    
if I understand correctly. I am defining a starting point from ,.foo and then since I have a file reference and in that file ref, I do not need ./ again because it will produce confusion to the system. Thank you for your time and effort I will try to read more upon it. –  Thanos Mar 29 at 1:11
1  
Not "not need" if you are in c:/a/b/c then ./foo is a request for c:/a/b/c/foo.bib so the bibtex file path is not used. but if you use foo then the current directory and every directory on the bibinputs path is checked. So the commands mean different things, the system doesn't get confused (just users:-) –  David Carlisle Mar 29 at 1:23
    
Again thank you for your time and effort. You helped me a lot. I know my question was not something special but I could not figure out why was not working properly. Best Regards, Thanos –  Thanos Mar 29 at 9:35

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