# I get dashes instead of bullets in \itemize

When I use \begin{itemize} ... \end{itemize}, the items are displayed as dashes. But I want them to be displayed by bullets.

\documentclass[11pt]{llncs}
\usepackage{amsfonts}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{dsfont}
\usepackage{multicol}
\usepackage{fixltx2e}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{comment}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[margin=1in]{geometry}
\usepackage[algosection, boxruled, linesnumbered]{algorithm2e}
\usepackage{xcolor}
\usepackage{setspace}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\definecolor{bl}{rgb}{0.0,0.2,0.6}
\definecolor{dark-red}{rgb}{0.4,0.15,0.15}
\definecolor{dark-blue}{rgb}{0.15,0.15,0.4}
\definecolor{medium-blue}{rgb}{0,0,0.5}
\usepackage{sectsty}
\hypersetup{
citecolor={dark-blue}, urlcolor={medium-blue}
}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage[compact]{titlesec}
\newtheorem{observation}{\textsc{Observation}}
\begin{document}
\begin{itemize}
\item Item 1
\item Item 2
\item Item 3
\end{itemize}
\end{document}


As far as I've read, the french options makes this. But I have french nowhere. What could cause this?

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Welcome to TeX.SX! Please help us to help you and add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. It will be much easier for us to reproduce your situation and find out what the issue is when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}. Your code does only (parts of) a preamble, but no \begin{document}...\end{document} section –  Christian Hupfer Jun 12 '14 at 20:59
The culprit is llncsdoc, which has \renewcommand{\labelitemi}{--}. Do you think you really need it? I don't think so, it's just for typesetting the class manual. –  egreg Jun 12 '14 at 21:01
@egreg I have removed it but nothing changed. –  cagirici Jun 12 '14 at 21:03

This is the default behaviour of llncs.cls as it sets

\renewcommand\labelitemi{\normalfont\bfseries --}
\renewcommand\labelitemii{$\m@th\bullet$}


meaning first-level itemize items will be set with dashes, while second-level items will be set with bullets. You can adjust this by adding to your preamble

\let\labelitemi\labelitemii


However, consider that for journal submissions, these things should not be altered.

As a showcase of this behaviour, here's a minimal example:

\documentclass{llncs}% ftp://ftp.springer.de/pub/tex/latex/llncs/latex2e/llncs2e.zip

\begin{document}

\begin{itemize}
\item Like this,
\item and like this.
\end{itemize}

\let\labelitemi\labelitemii

\begin{itemize}
\item Like this,
\item and like this.
\end{itemize}

\end{document}

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Of course the \let would make second level itemized list to have the same label as first level lists. I'm not sure this is recommendable. –  egreg Jun 12 '14 at 21:06
The conference requires articles preferably formatted in the LNCS style. Does it mean, including the bullets? –  cagirici Jun 12 '14 at 21:07
@cagirici: I would think so, since this forms part of their style. –  Werner Jun 12 '14 at 21:27