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I want to sketch this figure.. if you guide me to draw one of this arrows with direction i would be grateful..

some directed arrows

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3 Answers 3

up vote 5 down vote accepted

You could use the tikz package and the arrows and decorations library to achieve something similar to your drawing.

  photon/.style={decorate,decoration={snake,post length=1mm}}
  \draw[gray,thick] (-2,0) -- (2,0);
  \draw[->] (135:2) -- node[below left,pos=.2] {$P$} (0,0);
  \draw[->] (0,0) -- node[below right] {$P$} (45:2);
  \draw[->] (0,0) -- node[above right] {$P$} (-45:2);
  \draw[->,photon] (0,0) -- node[above left] {$SV$} (60:2);
  \draw[->,photon] (0,0) -- node[below left] {$SV$} (-60:2);

enter image description here

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tnx a lot for your attention and help... –  hamed Jul 27 at 22:11

This is a starting point. First define a style (LL here) for snake lines. Then draw a line via

\draw[options] (x1,y1) --(x2,y2)node[position]{label};       % Euclid coordi
\draw[options] (0,0) --(alpha:radius)node[position]{label};  % polar coordi

Options: thick, very thick, color, arrow type,...,LL]

enter image description here




  decoration={snake, segment length=3mm, amplitude=1mm,post length=2mm}



\draw[very thick] (-2,0) --(2,0);
\path[LL,thick,->,>=latex]      (0,0) -- (1,1) node[above]{SV};
\draw[LL,->,>=latex,thick,black](0,0) -- (1,-1)node[below]{SV};
\draw[->,>=latex,thick,black]   (-1,1) --(0,0) node[below]{P};

\draw[->,>=latex,thick,black] (0,0) -- (25:2)  node[below]{P};
\draw[->,>=latex,thick,black] (0,0) -- (-25:2) node[below]{P};

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Here's a Metapost approach.

enter image description here

There are no path morphing "decorations" defined in plain MP, so I've supplied a function called sinuous that returns a sine-wavy copy of a given path. It should work nicely on curved paths too.

prologues := 3;
outputtemplate := "%j%c.eps";

s_lambda = 6; % the length of the waves
s_amplitude = 2; % their height

vardef sinuous expr p = 
  save psc;
  path psc; 
  psc = ((-2.74, -0.390885) for x=-2.64 step .1 until 2.74: -- (x,sind(57.29578x)) endfor) xscaled 0.159155 s_lambda yscaled s_amplitude ;
  point 0 of p { direction 0 of p } 
    for i=2 upto -2+floor(arclength p/s_lambda):
      .. psc rotated angle direction (arctime i*s_lambda of p) of p 
             shifted           point (arctime i*s_lambda of p) of p 
  .. {direction infinity of p} point infinity of p


z1 = -z2 = 80 right;
z3 = z1 rotated 45;
z4 = z1 rotated 80;
z5 = z1 rotated 140;
z6 = z1 rotated -20;
z7 = z1 rotated -40;

draw z1--z2 withpen pencircle scaled 2 withcolor .7 white;

drawarrow z5 -- origin cutafter fullcircle scaled 4bp;
drawarrow origin -- z3;
drawarrow origin -- z6;

drawarrow sinuous origin -- z4;
drawarrow sinuous origin -- z7;

fill fullcircle scaled 3 withcolor .67 red;

label.rt (btex $P$ etex, z3);
label.lft(btex $P$ etex, z5);
label.rt (btex $P$ etex, z6);
label.lft(btex $SV$ etex, z4);
label.bot(btex $SV$ etex, z7);

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