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A confusion matrix looks like:

enter image description here

Is there an easy way to do the same using LaTeX?

Otherwise I could just create a diagram with any software.

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@kkudi: The figure I attached is what you want to refer? –  xport Jun 8 '11 at 16:28
1  
Perhaps you can adapt the example for sfgame.sty for you purposes. Also you may want to delete your duplicate post at Stack Overflow since this question is more on topic here. –  N.N. Jun 8 '11 at 16:52
    
it sounds too time-consuming. thanks for your comments. I'm going to create one using OmniGraffle. Cheers. –  kkudi Jun 8 '11 at 17:18
    
You may also wanna have a look at this LaTeX community post. –  N.N. Jun 8 '11 at 17:25
    
Since you have some responses below that seem to answer your question, please consider marking one of them as ‘Accepted’ by clicking on the tickmark below their vote count. This shows which answer helped you most, and it assigns reputation points to the author of the answer (and to you!). –  Torbjørn T. Jun 10 '11 at 21:34
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3 Answers

up vote 18 down vote accepted

Here's a solution without TikZ:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{multirow}

\newcommand\MyBox[2]{
  \fbox{\lower0.75cm
    \vbox to 1.7cm{\vfil
      \hbox to 1.7cm{\hfil\parbox{1.4cm}{#1\\#2}\hfil}
      \vfil}%
  }%
}

\begin{document}

\noindent
\renewcommand\arraystretch{1.5}
\setlength\tabcolsep{0pt}
\begin{tabular}{c >{\bfseries}r @{\hspace{0.7em}}c @{\hspace{0.4em}}c @{\hspace{0.7em}}l}
  \multirow{10}{*}{\parbox{1.1cm}{\bfseries\raggedleft actual\\ value}} & 
    & \multicolumn{2}{c}{\bfseries Prediction outcome} & \\
  & & \bfseries p & \bfseries n & \bfseries total \\
  & p$'$ & \MyBox{True}{Positive} & \MyBox{False}{Negative} & P$'$ \\[2.4em]
  & n$'$ & \MyBox{False}{Positive} & \MyBox{True}{Negative} & N$'$ \\
  & total & P & N &
\end{tabular}

\end{document}

In a comment it has been requested to rotate one of the labels; this can be easily done using \rotatebox from graphicx:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{multirow}

\newcommand\MyBox[2]{
  \fbox{\lower0.75cm
    \vbox to 1.7cm{\vfil
      \hbox to 1.7cm{\hfil\parbox{1.4cm}{#1\\#2}\hfil}
      \vfil}%
  }%
}

\begin{document}

\noindent
\renewcommand\arraystretch{1.5}
\setlength\tabcolsep{0pt}
\begin{tabular}{c >{\bfseries}r @{\hspace{0.7em}}c @{\hspace{0.4em}}c @{\hspace{0.7em}}l}
  \multirow{10}{*}{\rotatebox{90}{\parbox{1.1cm}{\bfseries\centering actual\\ value}}} & 
    & \multicolumn{2}{c}{\bfseries Prediction outcome} & \\
  & & \bfseries p & \bfseries n & \bfseries total \\
  & p$'$ & \MyBox{True}{Positive} & \MyBox{False}{Negative} & P$'$ \\[2.4em]
  & n$'$ & \MyBox{False}{Positive} & \MyBox{True}{Negative} & N$'$ \\
  & total & P & N &
\end{tabular}

\end{document}

enter image description here

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2  
very good. It looks like that a lot users think that TikZ is needed for every problem ... By the way, you can use \parbox[c][1.7cm][c]{1.7cm}{...} –  Herbert Jun 9 '11 at 6:51
    
@Herbert: Indeed. –  TH. Jun 9 '11 at 12:29
    
@Herbert: thanks. And yes, you're absolutely right. –  Gonzalo Medina Jun 9 '11 at 13:33
    
How can we rotate actual value by 90 degrees? –  Rasoul Sep 14 '13 at 19:47
    
@Rasoul please see my updated answer. –  Gonzalo Medina Sep 14 '13 at 20:31
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It's quite easy making such a thing with TikZ, once you get the hang of it.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{positioning}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[
box/.style={draw,rectangle,minimum size=2cm,text width=1.5cm,align=left}]
\matrix (conmat) [row sep=.1cm,column sep=.1cm] {
\node (tpos) [box,
    label=left:\( \mathbf{p'} \),
    label=above:\( \mathbf{p} \),
    ] {True \\ positive};
&
\node (fneg) [box,
    label=above:\textbf{n},
    label=above right:\textbf{total},
    label=right:\( \mathrm{P}' \)] {False \\ negative};
\\
\node (fpos) [box,
    label=left:\( \mathbf{n'} \),
    label=below left:\textbf{total},
    label=below:P] {False \\ positive};
&
\node (tneg) [box,
    label=right:\( \mathrm{N}' \),
    label=below:N] {True \\ negative};
\\
};
\node [left=.05cm of conmat,text width=1.5cm,align=right] {\textbf{actual \\ value}};
\node [above=.05cm of conmat] {\textbf{prediction outcome}};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

To rotate actual value you can replace

\node [left=.05cm of conmat,text width=1.5cm,align=right] {\textbf{actual \\ value}};

with

 \node [rotate=90,left=.05cm of conmat,anchor=center,text width=1.5cm,align=center] {\textbf{actual \\ value}};

result

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Here is some LaTeX code I used to produce related tables for a tutorial. It might get you close to what you're looking for, although you'll probably want to change the layout.

\begin{tabular}{l|l|c|c|c}
\multicolumn{2}{c}{}&\multicolumn{2}{c}{True diagnosis}&\\
\cline{3-4}
\multicolumn{2}{c|}{}&Positive&Negative&\multicolumn{1}{c}{Total}\\
\cline{2-4}
\multirow{2}{*}{Screening test}& Positive & $a$ & $b$ & $a+b$\\
\cline{2-4}
& Negative & $c$ & $d$ & $c+d$\\
\cline{2-4}
\multicolumn{1}{c}{} & \multicolumn{1}{c}{Total} & \multicolumn{1}{c}{$a+c$} & \multicolumn{\
1}{c}{$b+d$} & \multicolumn{1}{c}{$N$}\\
\end{tabular}

enter image description here

% need the pifont package
\begin{tabular}{l|l|>{\columncolor{gray!20}}l|l|l}
%\begin{tabular}{l|l|l|l|l}                                                                  
\multicolumn{2}{c}{}&\multicolumn{2}{c}{True diagnosis}&\\
\cline{3-4}
\multicolumn{2}{c|}{}&\multicolumn{1}{c|}{Positive}&\multicolumn{1}{c|}{Negative}&\multicolu\
mn{1}{c}{}\\
%\cline{2-4}                                                                                 
\hhline{~|---}
\multirow{2}{*}{Screening test}& Positive & TP & FP ($\alpha$) &\ding{214} PPV\\
%\cline{2-4}                                                                                 
\hhline{~|---}
& Negative & FN ($\beta$) & TN & \ding{214} NPV\\
%\cline{2-4}                                                                                 
\hhline{~|---}
\multicolumn{1}{c}{} & \multicolumn{1}{c}{} &
\multicolumn{1}{c}{\multirow{2}{*}{\parbox{2em}{\vskip1ex\ding{215}\\ Se}}} & \multicolumn{1\
}{c}{\multirow{2}{*}{\parbox{2em}{\vskip1ex\ding{215}\\ Sp}}} &\multicolumn{1}{c}{}\\
\end{tabular}

enter image description here

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