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There are at least two use cases where one might want to list items in a bibliography under separate subsections with different numbering conventions.

  • a CV, where you'd like to list journal papers, conference papers, workshop papers, etc under different categories (often needed in academic settings);
  • an annotated bibliography, where you might need different sections for different topics being covered.

What I'd like is a method that allows me to specify names of subsections, and for an added bonus, different numbering conventions for each subsection, and then will list \cites in different sections as per my wishes.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

For your use cases, I tend to use the bibentry package. As the focus is not really on providing a reference mechanism (i.e. \cite's), but actually on listing the content of these bibliographical entries, this package works really nice.

Using LaTeX lists you can style your output in whatever way you want, and the \bibentry command allows you to typeset the content of a bibliography entry wherever you want in your document.

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I don't know that it will do all that you ask, but the multibib package will get you at least some of it.

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The other answers will all succeed, but I'd go with biblatex. It was a number of features for bibliography subdivision, for example by keyword, and if designed from the start for flexibility.

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I love biblatex. I'm always surprised how few people use it. I guess it's because bibtex and the various packages mentioned above are pretty good at most things, so no one needs to change. I hope one day biblatex will become the standard. – Seamus Aug 1 '10 at 10:55
biblatex is still very much being developed, and one of the things there is a relative shortage of is styles (there are hundreds of styles for standard BibTeX, and currently only about 10 bundles of biblatex styles on CTAN). – Joseph Wright Aug 1 '10 at 16:03

A handy package that I use is splitbib. It allows all of the above, and gives customized section titles and numbering schemes for different parts of the bibliography. It's pretty easy to use - all you have to do is specify a list of bibtex cites for each subsection, as well as a name for the section, and optionally a prefix to use when numbering the references in each section.

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