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I'm writing my masters thesis and my supervisor has picked up my sentence structure, in that they are too long. She commented that Microsoft Word has a feature to investigate 'large' sentences. How can I do this with TeX? I'm using a mac and TexShop.

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Not a very TeXy way: copy and paste the text from the generated pdf file to Word. –  Caramdir Aug 25 '10 at 17:49
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Or if you don't have Word: there are tools to count the number of words in a tex file. To count sentences, we'll just count the number of periods (unless you use a lot of commands/math with the character, you shouldn't need to strip the tex file) cat file.tex | sed 's/[^.]//g' | wc -c should give you a number that is one more than the total number of period marks used. –  Willie Wong Aug 25 '10 at 18:34
    
Willie Wong: comment should be an answer! –  Matthew Leingang Nov 30 '10 at 16:06
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1 Answer 1

I think this is the easiest way. First, make sure you have pdftotext and diction installed. These should be available via MacPorts.

  1. Render your document to a PDF. Let's assume it's called paper.pdf.
  2. Grab the plain text from the PDF using pdftotext. At the terminal, run this: pdftotext paper.pdf paper.txt
  3. Now run style -l N paper.txt, where you should replace N with a number. This will print out all lines of your document that are longer than N words.

Alternatively, you can do it all as a one-liner:

$ pdflatex paper.tex && pdftotext paper.pdf - | style -l 20

style is extremely powerful and has many other features. For a good overview, see here.

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I'd never seen diction before, thanks! –  TH. Aug 26 '10 at 6:54
    
One could alternatively use DeTeX instead of pdftotext to get a plain text version to send to style. I find, however, that pdftotext works a lot better, especially if one has a lot of markup in his or her document that DeTeX doesn't understand (e.g., TikZ). pdftotext also works a lot better if one splits one's original document up into multiple .tex files that one \include{}'s. –  ESultanik Aug 26 '10 at 12:38
    
using style without any parameters will give you a summary that will tell you the % of long ("at least 27 word") sentences. –  Geoff Aug 26 '10 at 13:35
    
@ESultanik, do you know how to tell diction/style that abbreviations are not (usually) ends of sentences? (Dr., Fig., etc.) –  Geoff Aug 26 '10 at 13:42
    
@Geoff This should work for most cases (except for 'etc.', but it's easy to extend the regex for those special cases): pdftotext paper.pdf - | sed 's/([A-Z][a-zA-Z]*)\./\1/g' | ... –  ESultanik Aug 26 '10 at 14:37
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