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This question led to a new package:

(using a variation of egreg's code, and stating this in the manual; the package isn't really new now, sorry for the delayed announcement)

I have read about "How to get Roman numerals" but asked myself how to get Roman numerals formatted as in

Roman VI

i.e. with fitted over- and underline (without manually using boxes and such)? I'm curious for your answer(s)!

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Thanks! I tried to upload, was told that I'm not allowed (yet), and didn't know about removing "!". Would be good to include that information in the "You are not (yet) allowed..." message. –  Stephen Jul 26 '11 at 17:21
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1 Answer

up vote 17 down vote accepted
  \makebox[\dimen0]{\rlap{\vrule width\dimen0 height 0.06ex depth 0.06ex}%
    \rlap{\vrule width\dimen0 height\dimexpr\ht0+0.03ex\relax 

\barroman{I} \barroman{XI}

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Thanks, great! Thus, there is no such command, but you made one. That is a lot morr than I expected. –  Stephen Jul 26 '11 at 17:27
Actually the result is not that nice. The bars need to change thickness in order to hide the serifs at all sizes and the "overshoot" of the "V" under the baseline. But such things won't be used that often. –  egreg Jul 26 '11 at 17:39
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