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When I use \pagebreak in a two-column text, the paragraphs are spread out by vertical spaces only in the current column, so the whole page looks unbalanced (the right column has large spaces between paragraphs, the left column doesn't). Is there a way to make the spaces the same?

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Not with the twocolum document class option. You might consider the multicol package, instead, that does column balancing. But this requires closing the environment, issuing \pagebreak and reopening the environment. May you be more precise about your needs? – egreg Sep 20 '11 at 12:35
Welcome to TeX.sx! You don't have to sign with your name since it automatically appears in the lower right corner of your post. – doncherry Sep 20 '11 at 12:37
Unfortunatelly the twocolumn class is prescribed by the journal style I am writing for :(. – Daniel Langr Sep 20 '11 at 12:40
up vote 5 down vote accepted

Use \newpage instead. In my understanding, in two-column mode, the columns are dealt with and typeset like pages. For the difference between \pagebreak and \newpage see \pagebreak vs \newpage.

Edit: For a balanced layout, use \usepackage{flushend}.

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Unfortunatelly, I need the functionality of \pagebreak. \newpage does a different thing. – Daniel Langr Sep 20 '11 at 12:38
\newpage does about the same as \pagebreak, but it doesn't spread the paragraphs of the last column. If you're looking for a balanced layout, you could use \usepackage{flushend}, as recommended in tex.stackexchange.com/questions/5815/…, or proceed as egreg recommended. – doncherry Sep 20 '11 at 12:43
Thanks, flushend package seems to do what I need :). – Daniel Langr Sep 20 '11 at 12:52

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