TeX - LaTeX Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of TeX, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and related typesetting systems. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I want to produce the first two rows of this 5-column table in LaTeX:

enter image description here

As you can see it is a special type of tables where we see:

  • itemized lists inside but inconsistently, ie. column 4 all rows have itemizes lists inside, columns 2,3, and 5 do have itemized lists in some but not all rows, column 1 has no itemized lists at all.
  • the nice alignment of the table
  • the candy-eye appearance like that what booktabspackage was created for
  • it is a compact table that contains no unpleasant spaces
  • the lists have square bullets

Code:

\documentclass{scrartcl}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{lscape}
\begin{document}
\begin{landscape}
  \thispagestyle{empty}           % hide page number
  \begin{table}
    \centering
    \setlength{\belowcaptionskip}{\abovecaptionskip}% Correct skip for caption on top
    \caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
    \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
      \begin{tabular}{lp{2in}p{2in}p{2in}p{2in}}
        \toprule
        \textbf{BSL} & \textbf{Agents} & \textbf{Practices} & \textbf{Primary barriers} & \textbf{Secondary barriers} \\
        \midrule
        1 & Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults & standard microbiological practices & no primary barriers required, PPE & bench and sink required \\
        2 & - Agents associated with human diseases  - Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury, ingestion, mucous membrane exposure & BSL-1 practice plus: - limited access - Biohazard warning signs - ``Sharps'' precautions - Biosafety manual defining any needed waste decontamination or medical surveillance polices & Primary barriers: - BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of infectious materials - PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection, as needed & BSL-1 plus: - Autoclave available\\
        \bottomrule
      \end{tabular}%
  \end{table}
\end{landscape}
\end{document}

The nearest answer I found was here, but unfortunately this answer assumes that all rows have itemized list and not some of them, so please for your kind attention to this point before labeling this post as duplicate.

share|improve this question
up vote 11 down vote accepted

The answer would be to put the list inside a minipage or parbox, but that is not really fun. Here is another solution with enumitem using the before and after keys and the command \tablistcommand: Use tabitemize when you have a cell with a list only, and clear out the before key with text preceding the list. The lines are correctly aligned.

\documentclass[landscape]{scrartcl}
\usepackage{booktabs,array,enumitem,ragged2e}

\newcommand{\tablistcommand}{%
  \leavevmode\par\vspace{-\baselineskip}%
}

\newlist{tabitemize}{itemize}{1}
\setlist[tabitemize]{%
  leftmargin = *               ,
  label      = \textbullet     ,
  nosep                        ,
  before     = \tablistcommand ,
  after      = \tablistcommand
}

\begin{document}
\thispagestyle{empty}
\begin{table}
  \centering
  \caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
  \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
  \begin{tabular}{@{}l*{4}{>{\RaggedRight}p{2in}}@{}}
    \toprule
    \textbf{BSL} & \textbf{Agents} & \textbf{Practices}
    & \textbf{Primary barriers} & \textbf{Secondary barriers} \\
    \midrule
    1 & Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults
      & standard microbiological practices
      & \begin{tabitemize}
        \item no primary barriers required,
        \item  PPE
        \end{tabitemize}
      & bench and sink required \tabularnewline
    2 & \begin{tabitemize}
        \item Agents associated with human diseases
        \item Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury,
          ingestion, mucous membrane exposure
        \end{tabitemize}
      & BSL-1 practice plus:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item limited access
        \item Biohazard warning signs
        \item ``Sharps'' precautions
        \item Biosafety manual defining any needed waste
          decontamination or medical surveillance polices
        \end{tabitemize}
      & Primary barriers:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all
          manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of
          infectious materials
        \item PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection,
          as needed
        \end{tabitemize}
      & BSL-1 plus:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item Autoclave available
        \end{tabitemize}\tabularnewline
    \bottomrule
  \end{tabular}
\end{table}
\end{document}

enter image description here


EDIT

It really depends on your use case, but I would probably make a table like this in a document. If you have a very long table, it would make more sense to rotate it.

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{%
  booktabs,tabularx,enumitem,ragged2e,%
  caption,lipsum,showframe,geometry}

\captionsetup[table]{%
  format        = plain        ,
  font          = footnotesize ,
  labelfont     = bf           , 
  justification = centerlast   , 
  labelsep      = period       ,
  position      = top          ,
  aboveskip     = 5pt          ,
  belowskip     = 0pt
}

\newcommand{\tablistcommand}{%
  \leavevmode\par\vspace{-\baselineskip}%
}

\newlist{tabitemize}{itemize}{1}
\setlist[tabitemize]{%
  leftmargin = *               ,
  label      = \textbullet     ,
  nosep                        ,
  before     = \tablistcommand ,
  after      = \tablistcommand
}

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]

\begin{table}[!h]
  \caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
  \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
  \footnotesize
  \begin{tabularx}{\linewidth}{@{}l*{4}{>{\RaggedRight}X}@{}}
    \toprule
    \scriptsize BSL & \scriptsize Agents & \scriptsize Practices
    & \scriptsize Primary barriers & \scriptsize Secondary barriers \\
    \midrule
    1 & Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults
      & standard microbiological practices
      & \begin{tabitemize}
        \item no primary barriers required,
        \item  PPE
        \end{tabitemize}
      & bench and sink required \tabularnewline\addlinespace
    2 & \begin{tabitemize}
        \item Agents associated with human diseases
        \item Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury,
          ingestion, mucous membrane exposure
        \end{tabitemize}
      & BSL-1 practice plus:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item limited access
        \item Biohazard warning signs
        \item ``Sharps'' precautions
        \item Biosafety manual defining any needed waste
          decontamination or medical surveillance polices
        \end{tabitemize}
      & Primary barriers:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all
          manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of
          infectious materials
        \item PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection,
          as needed
        \end{tabitemize}
      & BSL-1 plus:
        \begin{tabitemize}[before=]
        \item Autoclave available
        \end{tabitemize}\tabularnewline
    \bottomrule
  \end{tabularx}
\end{table}

\lipsum[1]
\end{document}

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
    
With your answer you convinced me, that the enumitem is superior to (old) paralist and that it is time to use it in future. Te use of before and after in list settings is what I looking for a long time. Bravo! (+1). – Zarko Feb 10 at 13:04
    
+1 for using enumitem, could you please help with these two things: I couldn't change the shape of the bullet when I changed the line to label = $\sqbullet$, why? and second, could you please explain the code of \begin{tabular}{@{}l*{4}{>{\RaggedRight}p{2in}}@{}}, I mean what is the intuition behind it? how to understand its usage? could we let be defined instead of being hard coded to 2in, I mean to let latex automatically determine the suitable width spanning the whole \textwidth. – doctorate Feb 10 at 14:45
    
for the squared bullet I used label= ding{110} from the pifont package and it worked fine. – doctorate Feb 10 at 15:31
    
I tried tabularx by changing: \begin{tabularx}{\linewidth}{c*{4}{>{\RaggedRight}X}} and \end{tabularx}. Now the table becomes narrower, which begs the question whether tabularx is of any help in this case. – doctorate Feb 10 at 16:05
    
what's the function of @{} at the beginning and end of the tabular argument? – doctorate Feb 10 at 16:14

Here is an enumitem version:

enter image description here

I have defined a tableitems variant of the itemize environment and used it inside your table. Note the ungainly hack using \vspace for those lists that do not have a header. Without this there is an empty line about the list.

Code

    \documentclass{scrartcl}
    \usepackage{graphicx}
    \usepackage{booktabs}
    \usepackage{enumitem}
    \usepackage{lscape}
    \newlist{tableitems}{itemize}{1}
    \usepackage{mathabx}% for \sqbullet
    \setlist[tableitems]{nosep,
                         topsep=0pt,
                         partopsep=0pt,
                         leftmargin=1em,
                         label=$\sqbullet$
    }
    \begin{document}
    \begin{landscape}
      \thispagestyle{empty}           % hide page number
      \begin{table}
        \centering
        \setlength{\belowcaptionskip}{\abovecaptionskip}% Correct skip for caption on top
        \caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
        \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
          \begin{tabular}{lp{2in}p{2in}p{2in}p{2in}}
            \toprule
            \textbf{BSL} & \textbf{Agents} & \textbf{Practices} & \textbf{Primary barriers} & \textbf{Secondary barriers} \\
            \midrule
            1 & Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults
              & standard microbiological practices
              &\vspace{-1em}
              \begin{tableitems}
                 \item No primary barriers required
                 \item PPE
              \end{tableitems}
              & bench and sink required
            \\\midrule
            2 & \vspace{-1ex}
            \begin{tableitems}
             \item  Agents associated with human diseases
             \item Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury,
                    ingestion, mucous membrane exposure
            \end{tableitems}
            & BSL-1 practice plus:
            \begin{tableitems}
               \item limited access
               \item Biohazard warning signs
               \item ``Sharps'' precautions
               \item Biosafety manual defining any needed waste
               decontamination or medical surveillance polices
            \end{tableitems}
             & Primary barriers:
            \begin{tableitems}
               \item BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all
                   manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of
                   infectious materials
               \item PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection, as needed
            \end{tableitems}
             & BSL-1 plus:
            \begin{tableitems}
               \item Autoclave available
            \end{tableitems}
            \\
            \bottomrule
          \end{tabular}%
      \end{table}
    \end{landscape}
    \end{document}
share|improve this answer
    
Thanks, but there are two more questions: how to center the table across the page? how to modify your code to let tabularx determine the width of the five columns automatically given that column 1 should be a narrow one compared to the remaining columns 2-5 which should all share the same length but all summing up to the total \textwidth length? – doctorate Feb 10 at 12:31
    
+1 for using enumitem – doctorate Feb 10 at 12:55

Is not perfect but see, if it is useful:

\documentclass{scrartcl}
    \usepackage{graphicx}
    \usepackage{caption}
    \usepackage{booktabs,makecell,tabularx}
\renewcommand\theadfont{\bfseries\sffamily}
\newcommand{\textblacksquare}{\rule[.2ex]{0.8ex}{0.8ex}}
    \usepackage{paralist}
    \usepackage{ragged2e}
    \usepackage[margin=1in,showframe]{geometry}
    \usepackage{rotating}

\begin{document}
    \thispagestyle{empty}           % hide page number
\begin{sidewaystable}
    \centering
    \small\sffamily
    \caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
    \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
  \begin{tabularx}{\textheight}{c*{4}{>{\RaggedRight\arraybackslash}X}}
    \toprule
\thead{BSL} 
    &   \thead{Agents} 
        &   \thead{Practices} 
            &   \thead{Primary barriers} 
                &   \thead{Secondary barriers}  \\
    \midrule
1   &   Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults 
        &   standard microbiological practices
            &   \vspace{-2ex}
                    \begin{compactitem}[\textblacksquare]
                \item   No primary barriers required,
                \item   PPE
                    \end{compactitem}
                &   Laboratora bench and sink required \\
    \midrule
2   &   \vspace{-2ex}
            \begin{compactitem}[\textblacksquare]
        \item Agents associated with human diseases
        \item Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury, ingestion, mucous membrane exposure
            \end{compactitem}
        &   BSL-1 practice plus:
                \begin{compactitem}[\textblacksquare]
            \item   limited access
            \item   Biohazard warning signs
            \item   ``Sharps'' precautions
            \item   Biosafety manual defining any needed waste decontamination or medical surveillance polices
                \end{compactitem}
            &   Primary barriers:
                    \begin{compactitem}[\textblacksquare]
                \item   BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of infectious materials
                \item   PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection, as needed
                    \end{compactitem}
                &   BSL-1 plus:
                        \begin{compactitem}[\textblacksquare]
                    \item Autoclave available
                        \end{compactitem}   \\
    \bottomrule
    \end{tabularx}
\end{sidewaystable}
\end{document}

Instead of landscape I have used sidewaystable from package rotating and for lists inside table compactitem from package paralist. Similarly result you can obtain with enumitem package (with which I'm less familiar). For table I rather use tabularx package where for formating I use \RaggedRight from ragged2e package.

enter image description here

Addendum: It seems that the combination of all three answers will give the best solution :-). So I combine the following

  • $\sqbullet$ from package mathabx package as proposed Andrew in his answer
  • the way how Arash Esbati uses package enumitem in his answer
  • tabularx, sidewaystable and RaggedRight aligning of text, makecell for columns heading as I propose in my answer.

With this the "common" code becomes:

\documentclass{scrartcl}

\usepackage{booktabs,makecell,tabularx}
\renewcommand\theadfont{\bfseries\sffamily}
\usepackage{ragged2e}
\usepackage[a4paper,margin=1in,showframe]{geometry}
\usepackage{rotating}
%    
\usepackage{mathabx}% for \sqbullet
\usepackage{enumitem}% for nice list
\newcommand{\tablistcommand}{% <-- for eliminating vertical space
                             %     before and after itemize
            \leavevmode\par\vspace{-\baselineskip}
                            }
\newlist{tableitems}{itemize}{1}% <-- defined new list
\setlist[tableitems]{nosep,     % <-- new list setup
                     topsep     = 0pt               ,
                     partopsep  = 0pt               ,
                     leftmargin = *                 ,
                     label      = $\sqbullet$       ,
                     before     = \tablistcommand   ,
                     after      = \tablistcommand
                     }

    \begin{document}
      \thispagestyle{empty}
%---------------------------------------------------------------%
\begin{sidewaystable}[h]%table
    \centering
    \small\sffamily
\caption{Wide Itemized Mixed Table}
    \label{tab:wide-item-tbl}
\begin{tabularx}{\textwidth}{c*{4}{>{\RaggedRight\arraybackslash}X}}
    \toprule
\thead{BSL}
    &   \thead{Agents}
        &   \thead{Practices}
            &   \thead{Primary barriers}
                &   \thead{Secondary barriers}  \\
    \midrule
1   &   Not known to consistently cause diseases in healthy adults
        &   standard microbiological practices
            &   \begin{tableitems}
                \item   No primary barriers required,
                \item   PPE
                \end{tableitems}
                &   Laboratory bench and sink required \\
    \midrule
2   &   \begin{tableitems}
        \item Agents associated with human diseases
        \item Routes of transmission include per-cutaneous injury, ingestion, mucous membrane exposure
        \end{tableitems}
        &   BSL-1 practice plus:
            \begin{tableitems}[before=]% <-- nullifying before skip
            \item   limited access
            \item   Biohazard warning signs
            \item   ``Sharps'' precautions
            \item   Biosafety manual defining any needed waste decontamination or medical surveillance polices
            \end{tableitems}
            &   Primary barriers:
                \begin{tableitems}[before=]% <-- nullifying before skip
                \item   BSCs or other physical containment devices used for all manipulations of agents that cause splashes or aerosols of infectious materials
                \item   PPE: Laboratory coats, gloves, face and eye protection, as needed
                \end{tableitems}
                &   BSL-1 plus:
                    \begin{tableitems}[before=]% <-- nullifying before skip
                    \item Autoclave available
                    \end{tableitems}   \\
    \bottomrule
\end{tabularx}
\end{sidewaystable}%table
%---------------------------------------------------------------%
    \end{document}

With this the table looks as can be seen below:

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
    
thanks, what's the function of the makecell package? – doctorate Feb 10 at 12:50
    
+1, for letting tabularx determine the widths of the columns across the text width. – doctorate Feb 10 at 12:51
    
From makecell is used macro thead, which centering column heads and enable if necessary, to set multi line heads. From picture in your question I concluded that this will be the case but on the end this wasn't happen. – Zarko Feb 10 at 12:56
    
your first solution has the advantage of avoiding the enumitem package in case of using the beamer class because of the famous conflict between the two. – doctorate Feb 11 at 17:53
    
Yes, beamer heavily redefine lists, so there easy come to problems with compatibility. In most cases paralist serve very satisfactory but it is less flexible as enumitem. Now I try to define new list for usef in tables, which will have the same features as used enumitem answers here. – Zarko Feb 11 at 18:05

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.