TeX - LaTeX Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of TeX, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and related typesetting systems. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I'm able to draw matrices on LaTeX but I don't know how to put crossing arrows on it as the second matrix in the figure.

Example of what I want

I tried to make it 5 x 5 matrices and put \diagup, \diagdown on diagonals but it didn't seem like a good idea.

share|improve this question
Welcome to TeX.sx! Please add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. Also, a picture/mockup of what you want might be very helpfull. – Roelof Spijker Oct 28 '11 at 14:05
My TikZ-sense is tingling – Seamus Oct 28 '11 at 14:18
@Seamus: Your sense didn't fool you. – Thorsten Donig Oct 28 '11 at 15:03
up vote 18 down vote accepted

I once worked out a similar thing with pgf/tikZ (surprise, surprise!) as a solution to a question where else.


    \matrix [%
      matrix of math nodes,
      column sep=1em,
      row sep=1em
    ] (sarrus) {%
      a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} & a_{11} & a_{12} \\
      a_{21} & a_{22} & a_{23} & a_{21} & a_{22} \\
      a_{31} & a_{32} & a_{33} & a_{31} & a_{32} \\

    \path ($(sarrus-1-1.north west)-(0.5em,0)$) edge ($(sarrus-3-1.south west)-(0.5em,0)$)
          ($(sarrus-1-3.north east)+(0.5em,0)$) edge ($(sarrus-3-3.south east)+(0.5em,0)$)
          (sarrus-1-1)                          edge            (sarrus-2-2)
          (sarrus-2-2)                          edge[->]        (sarrus-3-3)
          (sarrus-1-2)                          edge            (sarrus-2-3)
          (sarrus-2-3)                          edge[->]        (sarrus-3-4)
          (sarrus-1-3)                          edge            (sarrus-2-4)
          (sarrus-2-4)                          edge[->]        (sarrus-3-5)
          (sarrus-3-1)                          edge[dashed]    (sarrus-2-2)
          (sarrus-2-2)                          edge[->,dashed] (sarrus-1-3)
          (sarrus-3-2)                          edge[dashed]    (sarrus-2-3)
          (sarrus-2-3)                          edge[->,dashed] (sarrus-1-4)
          (sarrus-3-3)                          edge[dashed]    (sarrus-2-4)
          (sarrus-2-4)                          edge[->,dashed] (sarrus-1-5);

    \foreach \c in {1,2,3} {\node[anchor=south] at (sarrus-1-\c.north) {$+$};};
    \foreach \c in {1,2,3} {\node[anchor=north] at (sarrus-3-\c.south) {$-$};};

If you need help with further adaptations, feel free to ask.

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
+1 for the picture. I usually don't teach the Sarrus' rule. – egreg Oct 28 '11 at 15:57

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.