# Footnote to an item in a description environment

It seems like it's not possible to put footnote inside a description list item.

For example in the following code first footnote appears at the bottom of the page, but the second - doesn't:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}

\begin{document}
Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working}
\begin{description}
\item[Label\footnote{This footnote is not working}] Some description
\end{description}
\end{document}


Why it's not working this way? And is there any way to put footnote to a list item?

-
Welcome to tex.sx -- you provided a good minimal example! –  lockstep Nov 13 '11 at 18:38

Use \footenotemark inside the item's optional argument and \footnotetext outside.

\documentclass{article}

\textheight=80pt% just for the example

\begin{document}

Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working.}

\begin{description}
\item[Label\footnotemark]\footnotetext{This footnote is working, too.} Some description
\end{description}

\end{document}


-

You can also use the savenotes environment provided by the footnote package. Here's your minimal example modified to use it:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage{footnote}

\begin{document}
Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working}
\begin{savenotes}
\begin{description}
\item[Label\footnote{This footnote is now working}] Some description
\end{description}
\end{savenotes}
\end{document}


Kudos to http://texblog.org/2012/02/03/using-footnote-in-a-table/ for pointing this out for use in tables.

-

As long as there is only one footnote in the [Label], the method given by lockstep is totally sufficient (I gave +1 for it). But for more than one footnote (especially in combination with the hyperref package) this does not work. (OK, this is probably a very rare, maybe even purely theoretical case.) MWE (not working, resulting in two footnotes labelled 3):

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\textheight=80pt% just for the example
\begin{document}
Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working.}
\begin{description}
\item[Label\footnotemark\textsuperscript{,\,}\footnotemark]\footnotetext{This %
footnote is not really working.}\footnotetext{Neither is this one.}Some description
\end{description}
\newpage
Text.
\end{document}


There is a solution to the problem, somewhat misusing the tablefootnote package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage{tablefootnote}
\makeatletter
\newcommand{\itemlabelfootnotetext}{\tfn@tablefootnoteprintout \gdef\tfn@fnt{0}}
\makeatother
\begin{document}
Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working.}
\begin{description}
\item[Label\tablefootnote{This footnote is really working.}\textsuperscript{,\,}%
\tablefootnote{Even this one is working.} text]\itemlabelfootnotetext Some %
description\footnote{And this one, too.}
\end{description}
\newpage
Text.
\end{document}


If you are as forgetful as I am and you keep forgetting to add the \itemlabelfootnotetext but are bold enough to redefine \@item, you can even use this:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage{tablefootnote}
\usepackage{letltxmacro}

\makeatletter
\AtBeginDocument{%
\LetLtxMacro{\tfn@origitem}{\@item}%
\renewcommand*{\@item}[1][]{%
\tfn@origitem[#1]%
\tfn@tablefootnoteprintout%
\gdef\tfn@fnt{0}%
}%
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}
Text text text.\footnote{This footnote is working.}
\begin{description}
\item[Label\tablefootnote{This footnote is really working.}\textsuperscript{,\,}%
\tablefootnote{Even this one is working.} text] Some %
description\footnote{And this one, too.}
\end{description}
\newpage
Text.
\end{document}

-