# side-by-side xtables in Sweave

I use xtable to manage my tables in Sweave like this

<<label=tab1, echo = FALSE, results = tex>>=
print(xtable(Table1))
@

<<label=tab2, echo = FALSE, results = tex>>=
print(xtable(Table2))
@


I wonder how to get these tables side by side. Any help will be highly appreciated. Thanks

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The basic idea of this is that you need to make sure that the tables generated by xtable don't float; instead you should put them in your own floating environment. In the example below, I've generated two side-by-side tables, each within a {minipage} environment and each with their own caption using the \captionof command of the caption package.

I've formatted the tables using booktabs. See How can I use a table generated by R in LaTeX? for more details on this.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{caption}
\title{Side-by-side xtables}
\author{}
\date{}
\begin{document}
\maketitle
First some R code to create some data.
<<>>=
myData <- matrix(c(19,89,23,23,74,44,16,39,67),ncol=3,byrow=TRUE)
colnames(myData) <- c("A","B","C")
rownames(myData) <- c("1","2","3")
myData2 <- myData * 2
@

Now we place the data in two side-by-side tables:

\begin{table}[htb]
\begin{minipage}{.45\textwidth}
\centering
<<echo=FALSE,results=tex>>=
library("xtable")
print(xtable(myData),
floating=FALSE,
hline.after=NULL,
command=c('\\toprule\n','\\midrule\n','\\bottomrule\n')))
@
\captionof{table}{The first table}
\end{minipage}
\begin{minipage}{.45\textwidth}
\centering
<<echo=FALSE,results=tex>>=
print(xtable(myData2),
floating=FALSE,
hline.after=NULL,
command=c('\\toprule\n','\\midrule\n','\\bottomrule\n')))
@
\captionof{table}{The second table}
\end{minipage}
\end{table}
\end{document}


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Thanks for nice answer. This works fine for small tables. I wonder how to use tabular.environment='longtable' for large tables. Thanks again for your time and effort. – MYaseen208 Nov 28 '11 at 3:10
I don't think it's possible to put two longtables side by side independently of Sweave. Because a longtable can break pages, you can put them beside each other. – Alan Munn Nov 28 '11 at 3:22
Thanks for your feedback. Would you mind to tell me how to put Table captions above the table. Thanks – MYaseen208 Nov 28 '11 at 3:28
@MYaseen208 Just move the \captionof commands to right after the \centering command (before the code that generates the table). – Alan Munn Nov 28 '11 at 3:39
BTW, in the comment about longtables I meant to say because they can break pages you can't put them beside each other. (It was probably clear from the context anyway.) – Alan Munn Nov 28 '11 at 3:41