# What are the differences between latexmk and rubber?

I just stumbled on this blog post about `rubber` and was thinking: "Isn't that exactly what `latexmk` does?". So, now I wonder: isn't it? Or are there any differences?

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Great question! `:)` – Paulo Cereda Dec 5 '11 at 11:00

Unfortunately, rubber does not seem to be really maintained anymore; the latest stable version 1.1 was released in 2006, and the more recent "development version" is unusable.

That's the main reason why I tried to switch from rubber to latexmk. However, it seems that the rubber has the following features that are not (yet?) offered by latexmk:

1. Rubber parses the LaTeX log file, filters it, and pretty-prints only "relevant" messages (warnings, errors). Rubber always runs LaTeX in a non-interactive mode, while latexmk seems to require additional switches or configuration.
2. With rubber you can have configuration options as comments in the LaTeX source code; latexmk requires auxiliary configuration files.
3. Most importantly, rubber lets you specify the correct values of TEXINPUTS, BIBINPUTS, BSTINPUTS, etc. for each document using the aforementioned configuration options; latexmk seems to expect that these environment variables are already defined appropriately.

Of course many of these issues can be worked around with some wrapper scripts and auxiliary files. And obviously there are many features of latexmk that are not offered by rubber.

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To add some news: Rubber v1.2 was released on 2015-06-24. It seems however that for Ubuntu, 1.2 will not be included in 15.04, but 15.10 and further. For more information, see the launchpad of Rubber. – r0estir0bbe Sep 30 '15 at 8:44

One important advantage of latexmk over rubber is that latexmk detects dependent files much more reliably. As best as I have been able to work out, rubber determines the dependent files by parsing the tex file, by looking for `\input`, `\include` and `\includegraphics` macros. But if these macros are buried inside another macro, rubber doesn't detect the dependent files correctly. E.g., if you have

``````\newcommand\try[1]{\input{#1}}
\try{sub}
``````

rubber won't detect that `sub.tex` is a dependent file. Thus if the file `sub.tex` changes, rubber won't detect that the compilation needs to be run again.

Latexmk instead parses the log file and uses the `-recorder` option of (`pdf`)`latex` to determine the dependent files.

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Latexmk also brings an auto-preview feature, which recompiles (smartly) the pdf as soon as the tex is saved.

There are also more advanced features, like tight integration with makefiles for example.

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