# Problem with using quotations in German document [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Quotation with double quote and O results in Ö

I want to write a document in German. For it I write in the preamble:

\usepackage[german]{babel}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}


However, if I want to use quotation marks, it messes with the results, i.e. "E becomes Ë (E with two dots above it), while all I want is to start a quotation with the letter E...

What can be done?

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## marked as duplicate by Werner, Jake, lockstep, egreg, Paulo CeredaDec 21 '11 at 0:16

" should not be used to produce quotes. –  egreg Dec 20 '11 at 22:27
Thanks for the replies, I understand. :-) –  Mike Dec 20 '11 at 22:50

German quotes are done with " and "'.

Instead the you may use the macros \glqq (German left double-quote) and \grqq (German right double-quote):

\documentclass{scrartcl}
\usepackage[german]{babel}

\begin{document}

Ein Kommentar: "Zitat"'

Ein Kommentar: \glqq Zitat\grqq
\end{document}


It looks like this:

With " alone, you get Umlauts (it was (and is) used if you have problems to use 'real' Umlauts (e.g. English keyboard layout)).

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Thanks, I'll use that. It's silly that they don't let me decide my use for "... –  Mike Dec 20 '11 at 22:50
@Mike: They do let you decide your use for ": You can say \shorthandoff{"} as suggested in the link Werner posted in the comment (tex.stackexchange.com/questions/10867/…). Then " will produce what you typed, commas at the top of the line. However, you'll realise that this is not what you actually want. –  Jake Dec 20 '11 at 23:04
@Mike: If you actually want to type in quotation marks, you could use the Neo keyboard layout, which offers „ and “ on its second layer and you XeTeX for compiling as it allows for Unicode characters. As Jake said, " isn't a quotation mark, technically. –  doncherry Dec 20 '11 at 23:44