# How to put subcaptions below subtables, and increase gap between subtables with 'subfigure'?

Using 'subfigure', how can I create subtables within a table, such that a) subcaptions are underneath each subtable, and b) there's a reasonable horizontal gap between the subtables? So far I've only be able to get the subcaptions on top, and no reasonable gap, e.g. with following code:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{subfigure}
\begin{document}
\begin{table}
\centering
\subtable[caption1]
{\begin{tabular}{c c c}
\ $a$ & $b$ & $c$ \\
\hline 0 & 0 & 0 \\
\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\
\end{tabular}}
\subtable[caption2]
{\begin{tabular}{c c c}
\ $a$ & $b$ & $c$ \\
\hline 0 & 0 & 0 \\
\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\
\end{tabular}}
\caption{caption for whole table}
\end{table}
\end{document}

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One thing that doesn't work is '\usepackage[FIGBOTCAP]{subfigure}'. But having subcaptions underneath should be the default, according to the 'subfigure' manual. – Harry Macpherson Jan 8 '12 at 19:32
Perhaps I'm missing something, but I'd remove the explicit  (space) commands because the first column doesn't align properly (see also Percusse's output). Alternatively, add an explicit space after the \hline command. – Marc van Dongen Jan 8 '12 at 21:18

Instead of the subfigure package which is now obsolete and should be replaced with subfig package, you can use subcaption package with almost identical code. I am modifying the example in the manual:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\begin{document}

\begin{table}
\begin{subtable}{.5\linewidth}\centering
{\begin{tabular}{ccc}
\ $a$ & $b$ & $c$ \\
\hline 0 & 0 & 0 \\
\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\
\end{tabular}}
\caption{A subtable}\label{tab:1a}
\end{subtable}%
\begin{subtable}{.5\linewidth}\centering
{\begin{tabular}{c c c}
\ $a$ & $b$ & $c$ \\
\hline 0 & 0 & 0 \\
\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\
\end{tabular}}
\caption{Another subtable}\label{tab:1b}
\end{subtable}
\caption{A table}\label{tab:1}
\end{table}
\end{document}


Nevermind the figure word. I just missed that.

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Many thanks for this. It does the job beautifully; the only problem is that 'subcaption' is incompatible with 'subfigure' and messes up all the other things I've done with 'subfigure' :-( Any idea how to do the job using 'subfigure'? – Harry Macpherson Jan 8 '12 at 19:38
@HarryMacpherson: subfigure is really obsolete. – Marco Daniel Jan 8 '12 at 19:57
To be honest, I don't think that you should be using subfigure anyway. See subcaption vs. subfigfor a flavor of these reasons. At least you should use subfig in my opinion... – percusse Jan 8 '12 at 19:57
OK thanks everyone. I've reached the conclusion, looking at what people say about subfigure, subfig, and subcaption, that I should ditch subfigure, load subcaption, RTFM for subcaption and work from there! Thanks for solving the problem I asked about, though! :) – Harry Macpherson Jan 8 '12 at 20:15
I have a trouble with this solution and I have posted it here: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/59414/… – Bravo Jun 11 '12 at 8:36