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What is the easiest way to have 2 lines in some of the cells in a table?

The only way I can think right now is to actually have 2 separate rows (without the line in the middle) and use \multirow on all other cells in this row. Any easier ideas?

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1  
Can you clarify your question? Maybe post a small complete document with a table that shows what you want. If you use the p column type, you can have paragraphs within a table cell. Will that solve the problem? –  Alan Munn Jan 9 '12 at 20:29

6 Answers 6

up vote 12 down vote accepted

You could nest a tabular within another tabular:

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\begin{tabular}{cccc}
  One & Two & Three & Four \\
  Een & Twee & Drie & Vier \\
  One & Two & \begin{tabular}{@{}c@{}}Three \\ Drie\end{tabular} & Four
\end{tabular}
\end{document}

The use of @{}..@{} voids the additional space (horizontal tab separation) inserted by the nested tabular.

Also, the above example inserts the nested tabular vertically centered with respect to the row. If you want it top or bottom aligned, use the optional parameter to tabular: \begin{tabular}[t].. or \begin{tabular}[b]....

Note that this approach also works within math mode for an array.

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Why not \newline?

\begin{tabular}{p{15mm}p{15mm}}
\hline
foo & bar \newline rlz \\
...
...
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Welcome to TeX.sx! –  texenthusiast Mar 18 '13 at 1:15
7  
It would be good to emphasise this requires a p type column –  Andrew Swann Mar 18 '13 at 7:30
    
\newline works without any issues in tabularx. –  Rob W Sep 29 '13 at 17:18

The easiest way is to use \shortstack but it is not very flexible.

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document} 
\begin{tabular}{ccc}
    one & two & three \\
    one & two & \shortstack{aa \\ bb}\    
\end{tabular}
\end{document}

\shortstack takes an option to align content left [l], right [r], or center [c](default). Another idea is to use \parbox[t]{5cm}{aa\\bb} because it provides options to align the lines vertically.

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here are some cell definitions that i've used to good effect in situations where the content of table cells was essentially text:

\newcommand{\lcell}[2][1.2in]{%
  $\vcenter{\hsize#1\baselineskip11pt\vspace*{3pt}\raggedright#2\strut\par}$}
\newcommand{\slcell}[2][1.2in]{%
  $\vcenter{\hsize#1\baselineskip9.5pt\vspace*{3pt}\raggedright#2\strut\par}$}
\newcommand{\ccell}[2][.42in]{%
  $\vcenter{\hsize#1\baselineskip11pt\vspace*{3pt}\centering#2\strut\par}$}

the job(s) involved had \usepackage{array} to get the augmented facilities.

of course, the dimensions were specific to the job, and would need to be changed depending on the circumstances; and fine tuning was definitely needed in the actual jobs involved. type was assumed to be 10pt for \lcell and \ccell or 8pt for \slcell; i also \setlength{\extrarowheight}{1pt} to keep the tops of cell content from crashing into lines above, and the \strut assures consistent clearance below.

line breaks in cells were usually manual (though they needn't be), with \break, and if a continuation line should be indented in a left-aligned cell, an \hspace* would be needed. the \par at the end ensures that the specified baseline is observed.

to me, multi-line text content of cells looks much better with "normal" text baseline settings than it does with the usual table row separation.

for table headings, vertical centering of multiple lines doesn't look so good; they look better aligned at the bottom. here's the definition i used for that:

\newcommand{\thead}[2][.75in]{%
  \vbox{\hsize#1\baselineskip11pt\centering\vspace*{3pt}#2\par}}

some of these headings ran to four or more lines (complicated headings above narrow columns of numbers). the results were actually quite respectable.

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You can also put minipages in your cells. Its especially interesting if you have a whole text in a cell and you want it to make linebreaks by its own.

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1  
Welcome to Tex.SX! Your answer seems good to me, however you could maybe expand it a little or provide an example to make it more efficient. Do not forget to "quote" an already existing answer if you referred to it create yours. –  Ludovic C. Nov 7 '13 at 10:14

Why Not partition your text into two rows just donot put the hline between the rows, something like this:

\begin{table}[!h]
\centering
\begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|}
\hline
A & B &C\\
D & E &F\\
\hline
G & H & I\\
\hline
\end{tabular} 
\end{table}
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