# Problem with \subfigure

I am having some troubles in using \subfigure in LaTeX.

Here's my code:

\begin{figure*}[t]
\centering
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width=0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto6.png}\label{fig:SGD_1_single}}
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width =0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto7.png}\label{fig:SGD_2_single}}
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width =0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto8.png}\label{fig:SGD_3_single}}
\caption{False negative (FN) rate vs. false positive (FP) rate obtained by varying the threshold $\tau$ in predicting
the GO annotations of \emph{Saccharomyces cerevisiae} (SGD) genes. a) BP: Biological Process, b) MF: Molecular Function, c) CC: Cellular Component GO ontologies.}\label{fig:SGD_single}
\end{figure*}


And here there's the problem that compiler gives to me:

[4]
Overfull \hbox (5.7111pt too wide) in paragraph at lines 689--713
[][]
! Argument of \Gin@iii has an extra }.
<inserted text>
\par
l.750 ...e/bos_onto6.png}\label{fig:SGD_1_single}}

?


Any help?

Here's my 2nd minimal NOT working example: it comes from my original file

\documentclass[conference]{IEEEtran}
% Add the compsoc option for Computer Society conferences.
%
% If IEEEtran.cls has not been installed into the LaTeX system files,
% manually specify the path to it like:
% \documentclass[conference]{../sty/IEEEtran}

%\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{amsmath,amsfonts,latexsym,amssymb,euscript,xr}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{microtype}
% \usepackage{graphicx} % for pdf, bitmapped graphics files

\def\blu{\color{blue}}
\def\nero{\color{black}}

% 3 Tabelle
% - aree e tempi
% - risultati validazione quantitativa iea e temporali
% - descrizione tabelle iniziali (righe gialle e blu)

% 2 figure ognuna da 3 sottofigure

% Some very useful LaTeX packages include:
% (uncomment the ones you want to load)

% *** MISC UTILITY PACKAGES ***
%
\usepackage{ifpdf}
% Heiko Oberdiek's ifpdf.sty is very useful if you need conditional
% compilation based on whether the output is pdf or dvi.
% usage:
% \ifpdf
%   % pdf code
% \else
%   % dvi code
% \fi
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/oberdiek/
% Also, note that IEEEtran.cls V1.7 and later provides a builtin
% \ifCLASSINFOpdf conditional that works the same way.
% When switching from latex to pdflatex and vice-versa, the compiler may
% have to be run twice to clear warning/error messages.

\def\x{{\mathbf x}}
\def\A{{\mathbf A}}
\def\a{{\mathbf a}}
\def\ah{{\hat{\mathbf a}}}
\def\e{{\mathbf e}}
\def\u{{\mathbf u}}
\def\At{{\tilde{\mathbf A}}}
\def\Ah{{\hat{\mathbf A}}}
\def\U{{\mathbf U}}
\def\Uh{{\hat{\mathbf U}}}
\def\Vh{{\hat{\mathbf V}}}
\def\V{{\mathbf V}}
\def\V{{\mathbf V}}
\def\S{{\mathbf S}}
\def\Si{{\mathbf \Sigma}}
\def\Sih{\hat{{\mathbf \Sigma}}}
\def\I{{\mathbf I}}
\def\T{{\mathbf T}}
\def\G{{\mathbf G}}
\def\S{{\mathbf S}}
\def\Q{{\mathbf Q}}
\def\W{{\mathbf W}}
\def\one{{\mathbf 1}}
\def\blu{\color{blue}}
\def\rosso{\color{red}}
\def\nero{\color{black}}
\DeclareMathOperator*{\argmin}{arg\,min}

% *** CITATION PACKAGES ***
%
%\usepackage{cite}
% cite.sty was written by Donald Arseneau
% V1.6 and later of IEEEtran pre-defines the format of the cite.sty package
% result in citation numbers being automatically sorted and properly
% "compressed/ranged". e.g., [1], [9], [2], [7], [5], [6] without using
% cite.sty will become [1], [2], [5]--[7], [9] using cite.sty. cite.sty's
% noadjust option (cite.sty V3.8 and later) if you want to turn this off.
% cite.sty is already installed on most LaTeX systems. Be sure and use
% version 4.0 (2003-05-27) and later if using hyperref.sty. cite.sty does
% not currently provide for hyperlinked citations.
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/cite/
% The documentation is contained in the cite.sty file itself.

% *** GRAPHICS RELATED PACKAGES ***
%
\ifCLASSINFOpdf
\usepackage[pdftex]{graphicx}
% declare the path(s) where your graphic files are
% \graphicspath{{../pdf/}{../jpeg/}}
% and their extensions so you won't have to specify these with
% every instance of \includegraphics
%\DeclareGraphicsExtensions{.pdf,.jpeg,.png}
\else
% or other class option (dvipsone, dvipdf, if not using dvips). graphicx
% will default to the driver specified in the system graphics.cfg if no
% driver is specified.
\usepackage[dvips]{graphicx}
% declare the path(s) where your graphic files are
% \graphicspath{{../eps/}}
% and their extensions so you won't have to specify these with
% every instance of \includegraphics
% \DeclareGraphicsExtensions{.eps}
\fi
% graphicx was written by David Carlisle and Sebastian Rahtz. It is
% required if you want graphics, photos, etc. graphicx.sty is already
% installed on most LaTeX systems. The latest version and documentation can
% be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/required/graphics/
% Another good source of documentation is "Using Imported Graphics in
% LaTeX2e" by Keith Reckdahl which can be found as epslatex.ps or
% epslatex.pdf at: http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/
%
% latex, and pdflatex in dvi mode, support graphics in encapsulated
% postscript (.eps) format. pdflatex in pdf mode supports graphics
% in .pdf, .jpeg, .png and .mps (metapost) formats. Users should ensure
% that all non-photo figures use a vector format (.eps, .pdf, .mps) and
% not a bitmapped formats (.jpeg, .png). IEEE frowns on bitmapped formats
% which can result in "jaggedy"/blurry rendering of lines and letters as
% well as large increases in file sizes.
%
% You can find documentation about the pdfTeX application at:
% http://www.tug.org/applications/pdftex

% *** MATH PACKAGES ***
%
%\usepackage[cmex10]{amsmath}
% A popular package from the American Mathematical Society that provides
% many useful and powerful commands for dealing with mathematics. If using
% it, be sure to load this package with the cmex10 option to ensure that
% only type 1 fonts will utilized at all point sizes. Without this option,
% it is possible that some math symbols, particularly those within
% footnotes, will be rendered in bitmap form which will result in a
% document that can not be IEEE Xplore compliant!
%
% Also, note that the amsmath package sets \interdisplaylinepenalty to 10000
% thus preventing page breaks from occurring within multiline equations. Use:
%\interdisplaylinepenalty=2500
% after loading amsmath to restore such page breaks as IEEEtran.cls normally
% does. amsmath.sty is already installed on most LaTeX systems. The latest
% version and documentation can be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/required/amslatex/math/

% *** SPECIALIZED LIST PACKAGES ***
%
%\usepackage{algorithmic}
% algorithmic.sty was written by Peter Williams and Rogerio Brito.
% This package provides an algorithmic environment fo describing algorithms.
% You can use the algorithmic environment in-text or within a figure
% environment to provide for a floating algorithm. Do NOT use the algorithm
% floating environment provided by algorithm.sty (by the same authors) or
% algorithm2e.sty (by Christophe Fiorio) as IEEE does not use dedicated
% algorithm float types and packages that provide these will not provide
% algorithmic.sty can be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/algorithms/
% There is also a support site at:
% http://algorithms.berlios.de/index.html
% Also of interest may be the (relatively newer and more customizable)
% algorithmicx.sty package by Szasz Janos:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/algorithmicx/

% *** ALIGNMENT PACKAGES ***
%
%\usepackage{array}
% Frank Mittelbach's and David Carlisle's array.sty patches and improves
% the standard LaTeX2e array and tabular environments to provide better
% appearance and additional user controls. As the default LaTeX2e table
% generation code is lacking to the point of almost being broken with
% respect to the quality of the end results, all users are strongly
% advised to use an enhanced (at the very least that provided by array.sty)
% set of table tools. array.sty is already installed on most systems. The
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/required/tools/

\usepackage{mdwmath}
\usepackage{mdwtab}
% Also highly recommended is Mark Wooding's extremely powerful MDW tools,
% especially mdwmath.sty and mdwtab.sty which are used to format equations
% and tables, respectively. The MDWtools set is already installed on most
% LaTeX systems. The lastest version and documentation is available at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/mdwtools/

% IEEEtran contains the IEEEeqnarray family of commands that can be used to
% generate multiline equations as well as matrices, tables, etc., of high
% quality.

%\usepackage{eqparbox}
% Also of notable interest is Scott Pakin's eqparbox package for creating
% (automatically sized) equal width boxes - aka "natural width parboxes".
% Available at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/eqparbox/

% *** SUBFIGURE PACKAGES ***
\usepackage[tight,footnotesize]{subfigure}
% subfigure.sty was written by Steven Douglas Cochran. This package makes it
% easy to put subfigures in your figures. e.g., "Figure 1a and 1b". For IEEE
% work, it is a good idea to load it with the tight package option to reduce
% the amount of white space around the subfigures. subfigure.sty is already
% installed on most LaTeX systems. The latest version and documentation can
% be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/obsolete/macros/latex/contrib/subfigure/
% subfigure.sty has been superceeded by subfig.sty.

%\usepackage[caption=false]{caption}
\usepackage[font=footnotesize]{subfig}
% subfig.sty, also written by Steven Douglas Cochran, is the modern
% replacement for subfigure.sty. However, subfig.sty requires and
% automatically loads Axel Sommerfeldt's caption.sty which will override
% IEEEtran.cls handling of captions and this will result in nonIEEE style
% figure/table captions. To prevent this problem, be sure and preload
% caption.sty with its "caption=false" package option. This is will preserve
% IEEEtran.cls handing of captions. Version 1.3 (2005/06/28) and later
% (recommended due to many improvements over 1.2) of subfig.sty supports
% the caption=false option directly:
%\usepackage[caption=false,font=footnotesize]{subfig}
%
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/subfig/
% The latest version and documentation of caption.sty can be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/caption/

% *** FLOAT PACKAGES ***
%
\usepackage{fixltx2e}
% fixltx2e, the successor to the earlier fix2col.sty, was written by
% Frank Mittelbach and David Carlisle. This package corrects a few problems
% in the LaTeX2e kernel, the most notable of which is that in current
% LaTeX2e releases, the ordering of single and double column floats is not
% guaranteed to be preserved. Thus, an unpatched LaTeX2e can allow a
% single column figure to be placed prior to an earlier double column
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/base/

\usepackage{stfloats}
% stfloats.sty was written by Sigitas Tolusis. This package gives LaTeX2e
% the ability to do double column floats at the bottom of the page as well
% as the top. (e.g., "\begin{figure*}[!b]" is not normally possible in
% LaTeX2e). It also provides a command:
%\fnbelowfloat
% to enable the placement of footnotes below bottom floats (the standard
% LaTeX2e kernel puts them above bottom floats). This is an invasive package
% which rewrites many portions of the LaTeX2e float routines. It may not work
% with other packages that modify the LaTeX2e float routines. The latest
% version and documentation can be obtained at:
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/sttools/
% Documentation is contained in the stfloats.sty comments as well as in the
% presfull.pdf file. Do not use the stfloats baselinefloat ability as IEEE
% does not allow \baselineskip to stretch. Authors submitting work to the
% IEEE should note that IEEE rarely uses double column equations and
% that authors should try to avoid such use. Do not be tempted to use the
% cuted.sty or midfloat.sty packages (also by Sigitas Tolusis) as IEEE does
% not format its papers in such ways.

% *** PDF, URL AND HYPERLINK PACKAGES ***
%
%\usepackage{url}
% url.sty was written by Donald Arseneau. It provides better support for
% handling and breaking URLs. url.sty is already installed on most LaTeX
% http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/misc/
% \url{my_url_here}.

% *** Do not adjust lengths that control margins, column widths, etc. ***
% *** Do not use packages that alter fonts (such as pslatex).         ***
% There should be no need to do such things with IEEEtran.cls V1.6 and later.
% (Unless specifically asked to do so by the journal or conference you plan
% to submit to, of course. )

\hyphenation{op-tical net-works semi-conduc-tor}

\begin{document}

\title{Minimal NOT working example}

% author names and affiliations
% use a multiple column layout for up to three different
% affiliations
\author{\IEEEauthorblockN{Peter Griffin}
\IEEEauthorblockA{University of Quahog}}
\maketitle

\section{Conclusions}\label{conclusion}
\label{conclusion} The conclusion goes here.

\begin{figure*}[t]
\centering
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width=0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto6.png}\label{fig:SGD_1_single}}
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width =0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto7.png}\label{fig:SGD_2_single}}
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width =0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto8.png}\label{fig:SGD_3_single}}
\caption{False negative (FN) rate vs. false positive (FP) rate obtained by varying the threshold $\tau$ in predicting
the GO annotations of \emph{Saccharomyces cerevisiae} (SGD) genes. a) BP: Biological Process, b) MF: Molecular Function, c) CC: Cellular Component GO ontologies.}\label{fig:SGD_single}
\end{figure*}

% that's all folks
\end{document}

-
Welcome to TeX.sx! Please add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem, not just code-snippets. – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 13:48
It looks to me that you are loading the older graphics package, not the modern graphicx package. Both provide \includegraphics but the key=value syntax is only provided by the latter (which loads the former by itself anyway). – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 13:51
Thanx but problem persists with graphicx : <./figure/bos_onto6.png, id=28, 642.4pt x 401.5pt> <use ./figure/bos_onto6.png> ! Undefined control sequence. \sf@@sub@label #1->\@bsphack \sf@oldlabel {#1}\ifhyperrefloaded \begingroup ... l.750 ...e/bos_onto6.png}\label{fig:SGD_1_single}} – DavideChicco.it Jan 18 '12 at 13:54
You need to post a full minimal example, otherwise it will not be possible to really help you. See the above mentioned link if you need help. – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 13:55
By adding \usepackage{subfigure} and \usepackage{graphicx} (1) to your "minimal" example I no longer get any errors (1: I used the demo option, because I don't have your images of course). – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 14:21

I now minimized your code to get a real MWE by removing all unrelated material. It then looks like you load both the subfigure and the subfig packages, which both try to do the same thing and apparently collide. After removing subfig it works, but with it get the same error you got.

\documentclass[conference]{IEEEtran}
\usepackage[demo]{graphicx}% remove the 'demo' option in the real document
\usepackage[tight,footnotesize]{subfigure}
%\usepackage[font=footnotesize]{subfig}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure*}
\subfigure[]{\includegraphics[width=0.32\textwidth]{./figure/bos_onto6.png}\label{fig:SGD_1_single}}
\end{figure*}

\end{document}


### Old:

By looking at \Gin@iii I figured out that the error is caused because the old \includegraphics[a,b][c,d]{filename} syntax is used. You seem to load the older graphics package but not the modern graphicx package (note the s vs. x). Both provide \includegraphics but the key=value syntax is only provided by the latter (which loads the former by itself anyway). Simply add \usepackage{graphicx} into your preamble should fix this.

(You might also want to remove the space between the width and = in two of your \includegraphics.)

-
I've added a new "minimal workin' example", could you try to run it on your pc's? Thanx – DavideChicco.it Jan 18 '12 at 15:03
Thanx Martin, but unfortunately, by removing subfig package, it still does not work to me... here's the new error: ! Extra }, or forgotten \endgroup. \@endfloatbox ...pagefalse \outer@nobreak \egroup \color@endbox l.349 \end{figure*} – DavideChicco.it Jan 18 '12 at 15:25
@DavideChicco.it: Mmm, the issue seems to be caused by the fixltx2e package. If you remove it the error disappears. You don't need this package at any cost anyway. – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 15:38
@DavideChicco.it: Glad I could help. Please try to post real MWE next time by yourself. If you click the check-mark at the upper left you can accept this answer officially and conclude the question with it. Thanks. – Martin Scharrer Jan 18 '12 at 15:49