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How can I draw with tikz the irregular shaded area and (similarly?) the irregular frame around nodes like the ones in the image?

gaming analysis

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thanks Werner for helping me edit the image –  FloydChen Mar 7 '12 at 0:53

2 Answers 2

up vote 6 down vote accepted

A simple and quick example for Carol

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{matrix,shapes.geometric,calc,backgrounds}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\matrix (gamea) [matrix of nodes,nodes={circle,draw},row sep=5mm,column sep=5mm]{
 & 1 &\\
 2& |[draw=none]|3 & 4\\
 |[draw=none]| 5 & 6 & |[draw=none]|7\\
 & |[draw=none]|8 &\\
};
\draw ($(gamea-3-1)!0.5!(gamea-4-2)$) ellipse [x radius=1.2cm, y radius=0.30cm,rotate=-45];
\draw ($(gamea-2-2)!0.5!(gamea-3-3)$) ellipse [x radius=1.2cm, y radius=0.30cm,rotate=-45];
\begin{scope}[on background layer]
\fill[black!20,rounded corners] ([xshift=-2mm]gamea-2-3.west) arc (180:0:5mm and 5mm) -- 
                    ([xshift=1mm]gamea-3-3.east) arc (0:-90:1cm and 1.5cm) arc 
                    (-90:-180:1cm and 0.8cm) |- ([shift={(3mm,2mm)}]gamea-3-2.north east) -- cycle;
\end{scope}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

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Basically its Carol and Alice as they are ''mirror images'' –  Tom Bombadil Mar 7 '12 at 5:05
    
@TomBombadil except one more ellipse ;) –  percusse Mar 7 '12 at 7:05
    
D'oh, you're right, I totally missed that. But going from your solution it shouldnt be too hard ;) –  Tom Bombadil Mar 7 '12 at 12:26
    
I have another question: how to align those A, B and C graph on the same line with appropriate separation? Use multiple tikzpicture environments or there is a easier way? I think it will overlap if I put different code in one environment. –  FloydChen Mar 7 '12 at 23:57
1  
@FloydChen You can put each of them into \begin{scope}[xshift=x cm] ..... \end{scope} environments in one tikzpicture and then play around with the x values of each scope to shift them. In other words, each scope will have its own coordinate system and you will be just moving them around independently. –  percusse Mar 8 '12 at 0:18

A minimal approach for Beatrice:

\documentclass[parskip]{scrartcl}
\usepackage[margin=15mm]{geometry}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\node (1) at (1,0) {1};
\foreach \x in {2,...,4}
{   \node (\x) at (\x-2,-1) {\x};
    \pgfmathtruncatemacro{\seli}{\x+3}
    \node (\seli) at (\x-2,-2) {\seli};
}
\node (8) at (1,-3) {8};
\fill[gray,rounded corners=2mm,even odd rule,opacity=0.25]  ($(3.north) + (0,0.2)$) -- ($(7.east) + (0.2,0)$) -- ($(8.south) + (0,-0.2)$) -- ($(5.west) + (-0.2,0)$) -- cycle (3.south) -- (7.west) -- (8.north) -- (5.east) -- cycle;

\draw (1) circle (0.2);
\draw (2) circle (0.2);
\draw (3) circle (0.2);
\draw (5) circle (0.2);

\draw (4.west) to[out=90,in=90,looseness=2] (4.east) -- (7.east) to [out=270,in=270,looseness=2] (7.west) -- cycle;
\draw (6.west) to[out=90,in=90,looseness=2] (6.east) -- (8.east) to [out=270,in=270,looseness=2] (8.west) -- cycle; 

\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

enter image description here


And for Communal:

\begin{tikzpicture}
\node (1) at (1,0) {1};
\foreach \x in {2,...,4}
{   \node (\x) at (\x-2,-1) {\x};
    \pgfmathtruncatemacro{\seli}{\x+3}
    \node (\seli) at (\x-2,-2) {\seli};
}
\node (8) at (1,-3) {8};

\fill[gray,rounded corners=1mm,opacity=0.25]  ($(2.north west)+(-0.1,0.1)$) -- ($(4.north east)+(0.1,0.1)$) -- ($(7.south east)+(0.1,-0.1)$) -- ($(8.south east)+(0.1,-0.1)$) -- ($(8.south west)+(-0.1,-0.1)$) -- ($(5.south west)+(-0.1,-0.1)$) -- cycle;

\draw (1) circle (0.2);
\draw (2) circle (0.2);

\draw[rounded corners=1mm] (5.north west) -- (6.north west) -- (3.north west) -- (4.north east) -- (7.south east) -- (8.south east) -- (8.south west) -- (5.south west) -- cycle;

\end{tikzpicture}

enter image description here

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