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How can I write formulas in Arabic letters and numbers, is there any package or some sort of template to do so.

Hint: I am new to Latex.

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There is currently no easy to use way of doing this, see my answer for tex.stackexchange.com/questions/20666/…. I hope to resume working on this this year. – Khaled Hosny Mar 10 '12 at 18:26

I would recommend you use XeLaTeX and the package arabxetex. Here is a MWE to get you started.

\newfontfamily{\arabicfont}[Script=Arabic,Scale=1.5]{Traditional Arabic}
\chapter*{\textarab[utf]{ مدرسة الخوارزمي }}
\section*{\textarab[utf]{   قراءة المنحنيات    }}
\textbf{التمرين 1}:
$f$ دالة عددية و $\mathcal{C}_f$ منحناها البياني. إليك جدول تغيراتها
\[\begin{tabvar}{|C|CCCCLCRCCCC|} \hline
x &-\infty & &0 & & & & & & 1 & &+\infty
\\ \hline
f'(x) & &- & \barre{} &- & &\dbarre & &- & \barre{0} &+ &
\\ \hline
&\niveau{3}{3}+\infty &\decroit
&\barre{0} &\decroit
&-\infty &\dbarre &\niveau{3}{3}+\infty &\decroit
&\barre{\frac{3}{2}} &\croit
\\ \hline
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For typesetting Arabic assuming you have access to an Arabic keyboard layout, you should just use XeLaTeX and polyglossia, not arabxetex. ArabXeTeX is mainly designed for transliterated Arabic input. From the documentation of ArabXeTeX:

This package provides a convenient ArabTEX-like user-interface for type- setting languages using the Arabic script in LaTeX, with flexible access to EE font features. Input in ArabTEX notation can be set in three different vocalization modes or in roman transliteration. Direct UTF-8 input is also supported. Since most of the ‘real work’ – namely parsing and converting ArabTEX input to Unicode – is done at the level of TECkit mappings, ArabXeTeX is really performant.

Instead, you should use simply polyglossia which provides the following options when using Arabic:

  • calendar = gregorian or islamic (= hijri)
  • locale = default, mashriq, libya, algeria, tunisia, morocco, or mauritania. This setting influences the spelling of the month names for the Gregorian calendar, as well as the form of the numerals (unless overriden by the following option).
  • numerals = mashriq or maghrib (the latter is the default when locale = algeria, tunisia or morocco)
  • abjadjimnotail = false or true. ← Set this to true if you want the abjad form of the number three to be set as in the manuscript tradition – instead of the modern usage ج.
  • Commands:
    • \abjad and \abjadmaghribi
    • \aemph to emphasize Arabic text with \overline. This command is also available for Farsi, Urdu, etc.

The default locale provides Arabic numerals, so you would normally need just choose arabic as your main (or other) language.

Here's a sample document (text supplied by Google translate):

% !TEX TS-program = XeLaTeX
% Compile this document with XeLaTeX
هذه هي الجملة العربية.

output of code

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What about Mathematical equations ?? – Sameh Kamal Mar 11 '12 at 17:11
See Khaled Hosny's comment to your question. That's much more difficult. – Alan Munn Mar 11 '12 at 17:22

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