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I meet a subtle problem. My simplest code is as follows. I am working in Win 7-32bit, my editor is WinEdt 7.0 (Build: 20120125 (v. 7.0)), saved as UTF-8, compiled with pdflatex(MiKTeX2.9).





The result is enter image description here, there is error message


What subtle is if I change amsart to article, or change the first U to Ü, the problem disappears.

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2 Answers 2

up vote 13 down vote accepted

This is due to a slight incompatibility of utf8x with amsart (that capitalizes the author's name).

You have two paths to follow:

  1. say \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}

  2. make the offending character known to ucs and utf8x before \begin{document}

Path 1 is preferable, if you don't use characters that aren't covered by this option (and even if you do, as it's usually easy to add the needed ones).

If you stick with utf8x, then say as it's said in quite a cryptic way in the output: add


in the preamble (after loading \inputenc). Add all the accented characters that might offend ucs (that's automatically loaded).

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if you want to use utf8x you need to also use ucs. However utf8x has not been maintained for a long time and it is much preferable to use utf8 instead:

simply replace




and it will display properly.

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ucs is loaded automatically when the utf8x option is specified. –  egreg Mar 15 '12 at 23:01
oh so it is. I haven't used utf8x for so long that I can't tend to forget what the issues are. –  ArTourter Mar 15 '12 at 23:19

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