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I have a large (13x13) table in which I need to highlight a subset of cells. I know that I can set a background color to those cells using colortbl or xcolor. But I need to highlight the table without using color (it is a scientific paper, and the table should communicate its purpose without assuming the reader will have access to a color printer). Is there a way to do so? For example a circle around the cell?

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4  
You can consider using a gray background to highlight it. You can play around with different shades of gray to see what is visible in print. Usually something around 80% while looks good as a background. –  Aditya Nov 3 '10 at 3:36

3 Answers 3

up vote 27 down vote accepted

Generally I agree with lockstep that circling might not be the best way to highlight text. In addition to his suggestions, you could also try using a light gray background.

Having said that, here is a way to circle text using TikZ:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{fit,shapes.geometric}

\newcounter{nodemarkers}
\newcommand\circletext[1]{%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture] 
        \node (marker-\arabic{nodemarkers}-a) at (0,1.5ex) {};%
    #1%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture]
        \node (marker-\arabic{nodemarkers}-b) at (0,0){};%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture,inner sep=2pt]
        \node[draw,ellipse,fit=(marker-\arabic{nodemarkers}-a.center) (marker-\arabic{nodemarkers}-b.center)] {};%
    \stepcounter{nodemarkers}%
}

\begin{document}

\begin{tabular}{*6{c}}\hline
    Col 1 & Col 2 & Col 3 & Col 4 & Col 5 & Col 6 \\\hline
    bla   & bla   & \circletext{bla}   & bla   & bla   & bla \\
    bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla \\ 
    ble   & ble   & ble   & bla   & \circletext{bla}   & bla \\ 
    bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla \\ \hline
\end{tabular}

\end{document}

exampl

The \circletext command defines a node to the left and right of the text and then fits an ellipse around them. More fanciful graphics are of course possible, this is a rather basic example (since I do not know what your table looks like). Two LaTeX runs are necessary to have everything show up in the right place.


Edit: Here is an example of how to mark arbitrary blocks. Ellipses don't look good with large blocks, so it is using rounded rectangles instead:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{fit,shapes.misc}

\newcommand\marktopleft[1]{%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture] 
        \node (marker-#1-a) at (0,1.5ex) {};%
}
\newcommand\markbottomright[1]{%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture] 
        \node (marker-#1-b) at (0,0) {};%
    \tikz[overlay,remember picture,thick,dashed,inner sep=3pt]
        \node[draw,rounded rectangle,fit=(marker-#1-a.center) (marker-#1-b.center)] {};%
}

\begin{document}

\begin{tabular}{*6{c}}\hline
    Col 1 & Col 2 & Col 3 & Col 4 & Col 5 & Col 6 \\\hline
    bla   & bla   & \marktopleft{c1}bla   & bla   & bla   & bla \\
    bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla \\ 
    ble   & ble   & ble   & bla   & bla\markbottomright{c1}   & bla \\ 
    bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla   & bla \\ 
    bla   & \marktopleft{c2}bla   & bla   & bla   & bla\markbottomright{c2}   & bla \\ \hline
\end{tabular}

\end{document}

example

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I agree that circles around single cells don't look too bad, but the OP mentioned " a subset of cells" which I perceived as a multi-cell area. –  lockstep Nov 3 '10 at 7:13
    
@lookstep: it seems that circling single cells is what @carlosdc wanted. Adapting to blocks is trivial though (as long as the cells are the same size -- otherwise it is probably easiest to use a tikz matrix as Matthew suggested.) –  Caramdir Nov 4 '10 at 0:37
    
@Caramdir: this is one truly useful answer, I used variations of it several times in the last few weeks. Thanks a lot! –  Tom Bombadil Dec 31 '11 at 17:11
    
Although off-topic, I really need to know (otherwise I can't sleep): why are %s written at the line ending in so many TeX snippets? –  neo Sep 9 '12 at 7:33
    
@neo: Why the end-of-line % in macro definitions? –  Caramdir Sep 9 '12 at 16:40

I cannot offer a "TeXnical" answer, only typographical advice: A circle put around a subset of cells within a large table may look like a superimposed figure unrelated to the table - in other words, it may be very confusing. Instead, I would try one of the following:

  • Draw a rectangle around the particular cells (may still not look pretty);

  • Use a raster as background;

  • Typeset the cell content in bold or italic.

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+1 for the last suggestion! –  morbusg Apr 30 '11 at 18:20

I think replacing the matrix with a TiKZ matrix would allow you to fit paths around groups of cells.

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