# Number Algorithm floats with dependency (subalgorithms environment)

What I have: 3 algorithms, like so:

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption One}
...
\label{alg:one}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Two}
...
\label{alg:two}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Three}
...
\label{alg:three}
\end{algorithm}


What I want: I want algorithm 1 to be numbered in the same manner as the rest of the algorithms in the document, say, as Algorithm 1. Then I want Algorithms 2 and 3 to be numbered Algorithm 1a (or 1.1, or 1-a, or whatever) and Algorithm 1b.

Then I want numbering to continue as previous, so that the next algorithm is Algorithm 2. Can this be done, and if so, how?

-

You could borrow the subequations definition from amsmath

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{algorithm}

\makeatletter
\newcounter{parentalgorithm}
\newenvironment{subalgorithms}{%
\refstepcounter{algorithm}%
\protected@edef\theparentalgorithm{\thealgorithm}%
\setcounter{parentalgorithm}{\value{algorithm}}%
\setcounter{algorithm}{0}%
\def\thealgorithm{\theparentalgorithm\alph{algorithm}}%
\ignorespaces
}{%
\setcounter{algorithm}{\value{parentalgorithm}}%
\ignorespacesafterend
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\begin{subalgorithms}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption One}
...
\label{alg:one}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Two}
...
\label{alg:two}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Three}
...
\label{alg:three}
\end{algorithm}

\end{subalgorithms}

\end{document}

-
That's more elegant than my subalgorithms environment. But the \refstepcounter{algorithm} line needs to be taken out otherwise the numbers go 1–2a–2b–3 instead of 1–1a–1b–2 as the OP wanted. – Matthew Leingang Nov 6 '10 at 13:47
This works perfectly, with two caveats: as Matthew points out, the \refstecounter{algorithm} line has to be taken out, and the parent algorithm has to be outside the subalgorithms environment. Two simple fixes for an excellent solution! – philosodad Nov 6 '10 at 14:07

Here is the "easy" way to do it:

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption One}
...
\label{alg:one}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\renewcommand{\thealgorithm}{1a}
\caption{Caption Two}
...
\label{alg:two}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\renewcommand{\thealgorithm}{1b}
\caption{Caption Three}
...
\label{alg:three}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\setcounter{algorithm}{1}
\caption{Caption Four}
...
\label{alg:four}
\end{algorithm}


The "right" way to do it might be to create macros that turn on and off subnumbering.

\makeatletter
\newcounter{subalgorithm}
\newenvironment{subalgorithms}{
\setcounter{subalgorithm}{0}
% redefine the macro that sets the algorithm number to include the subalgorithm number
\renewcommand{\thealgorithm}{\arabic{algorithm}\alph{subalgorithm}}%
% patch the macro that sets the caption head to unincrement to
% - unincrement the algorithm counter
% - increment the subalgorithm counter
% - then do whatever it was supposed to do before
\let\old@fnum@algorithm=\fnum@algorithm%
\def\fnum@algorithm{%
\stepcounter{subalgorithm}%
\old@fnum@algorithm}%
}{}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption One}
...
\label{alg:one}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{subalgorithms}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Two}
...
\label{alg:two}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Three}
...
\label{alg:three}
\end{algorithm}

\end{subalgorithms}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Four}
...
\label{alg:four}
\end{algorithm}


A third method would be to create a new float subalgorithm with a counter that reset with algorithm.

\makeatletter
\floatstyle{\ALG@floatstyle}
\newfloat{subalgorithm}{htbp}{loa}[algorithm]
\floatname{subalgorithm}{Subalgorithm}
\renewcommand{\thesubalgorithm}{\arabic{algorithm}\alph{subalgorithm}}
\@namedef{l@subalgorithm}{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}%
\makeatother

\begin{document}
\listofalgorithms

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption One}
...
\label{alg:one}
\end{algorithm}

\begin{subalgorithm}
\caption{Caption Two}
...
\label{alg:two}
\end{subalgorithm}

\lipsum[2-4]

\begin{subalgorithm}
\caption{Caption Three}
...
\label{subalg:three}
\end{subalgorithm}

\begin{algorithm}
\caption{Caption Four}
...
\label{alg:four}
\end{algorithm}


References:

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