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I'm new to LaTeX, and I'm having some issued with \cite.

When I use \cite, the only thing that appears in the text is a number in squared-brackets with a link to the bibliography page. E.g: \cite{Reference1} --> [1]

Why isn't it printing out the author's name(s)?

\usepackage[square, numbers, comma, sort&compress]{natbib}


Do I need to compile something else? Or am I missing some file?

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This is the default behaviour of \cite: perhaps read the natbib documentation. – Joseph Wright Apr 5 '12 at 21:00
If you want author-year citations, you should use the authoryear option instead of numbers – egreg Apr 5 '12 at 21:06
@egreg, thanks! That seems to solve my issue! – Michael Apr 5 '12 at 21:11
@JosephWright, thanks, I'll definitely have a look at it! – Michael Apr 5 '12 at 21:11
up vote 7 down vote accepted

The natbib package supports two main citation schemes: numeric and author-year. The default scheme is numeric (usually with the number in brackets like [3]) and can be specified with the (redundant) numbers option.

The author-year scheme, in which citations are like (Gauss, 1801), can be specified with the option authoryear. In this case other options such as square, comma and sort&compress should be omitted, as in parenthetical citations parentheses (...) rather than brackets [...] are more common.

Look at the package manual for the different citation commands for the author-year scheme: \citep, \citet, \citeauthor and \citeyear.

If you are just starting with LaTeX, I recommend to try biblatex rather than natbib. The former package is more recent and much more powerful. However one should be aware of the fact that some journals still don't support the more recent package.

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