# Vertical space after Bibliography name

I am using Bibtex and need to change (smaller size) between bibliography name and authors names. The document class is report and I am using the natbib package.

\documentclass[11pt,notitlepage,a4paper,oneside]{report}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage[cp1250]{inputenc}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{amsmath,amsthm,amssymb,}
\usepackage{a4wide,eucal,exscale}
\usepackage{china2e,variore‌​f,acronym}
\usepackage[left=3.5cm,top=2cm,right=2cm,bottom=1cm]{geometry}
\usepackage[round]{natbib}
\usepackage{fix-cm}
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\usepackage[Glenn]{fncychap}

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Please provide an MWE –  Marco Daniel May 12 '12 at 22:16
Which document class are you using? Are you using any special packages (for exampe natbib) to produce your bibliography? Please, as Marco Daniel suggested, provide all the information relevant to this issue. –  Gonzalo Medina May 12 '12 at 22:18
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## 1 Answer

The spacing between the title (Bibliography) and the items is exactly the same as in the other chapters.

Here is a way to reduce it, but I don't recommend doing it:

\documentclass[a4paper]{report}
\usepackage{natbib}
\usepackage{etoolbox}

\usepackage{lipsum} % only for the example
\begin{document}
\chapter{First chapter}

\lipsum[1]\nocite{*}

%%% Start of the bibliography
\makeatletter
\patchcmd{\@makeschapterhead}{\vskip40}{\vskip10}{}{} % change 10 to something else, if you prefer
\makeatother

\bibliographystyle{plainnat}
\bibliography{jane}

\end{document}


This assuming you don't have any other unnumbered chapter afterwards.

The \chapter command relies on two macros for actually typesetting the chapter heading, \@makechapterhead for \chapter and \@makeschapterhead for \chapter*. Here are the definitions in the report class:

\def\@makechapterhead#1{%
\vspace*{50\p@}%
{\parindent \z@ \raggedright \normalfont
\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
\huge\bfseries \@chapapp\space \thechapter
\par\nobreak
\vskip 20\p@
\fi
\interlinepenalty\@M
\Huge \bfseries #1\par\nobreak
\vskip 40\p@
}}
\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%
\vspace*{50\p@}%
{\parindent \z@ \raggedright
\normalfont
\interlinepenalty\@M
\Huge \bfseries  #1\par\nobreak
\vskip 40\p@
}}


If you want to get rid of the space before the chapter heading and the space below, the best thing is to redefine them:

\makeatletter
\def\@makechapterhead#1{%
\vspace*{-40\p@}%
{\parindent \z@ \raggedright \normalfont
\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
\huge\bfseries \@chapapp\space \thechapter
\par\nobreak
\vskip 20\p@
\fi
\interlinepenalty\@M
\Huge \bfseries #1\par\nobreak
\vskip 12\p@
}}
\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%
\vspace*{-40\p@}%
{\parindent \z@ \raggedright
\normalfont
\interlinepenalty\@M
\Huge \bfseries  #1\par\nobreak
\vskip 12\p@
}}
\makeatother


Adjust the 12\p@ (which is equivalent to 12pt) to your needs.

However, this is not recommendable. Some space is needed because of the large font size used for the chapter title. If you want to reduce the space you have also to reduce the font size.

Play with the distances until you're satisfied.

## Note for fncychap users.

You can obtain a reduction of the spaces by

\usepackage[Glenn]{fncychap}
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\makeatletter
\patchcmd{\DOTIS}{40\p@}{-10\p@}{}{}
\patchcmd{\DOTI}{80\p@}{20\p@}{}{}
\patchcmd{\@makechapterhead}{50\p@}{-20\p@}{}{}
\patchcmd{\@makeschapterhead}{50\p@}{-20\p@}{}{}
\makeatother


but I strongly advise against using such a chapter style, which is, in my opinion, one of the worst ever designed. Only Lenny is possibly worse.

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Thank you for you help, but it is not what I wanted. Generally TEX using too much free space around chapternames, which I don't like. I have already sorted out how to change space up any chaptername by using usepackage etoolbox and this commands \makeatletter \patchcmd{\@makechapterhead}{50\p@}{-40pt}{}{} \patchcmd{\@makeschapterhead}{50\p@}{-40pt}{}{} \makeatother Now I'm trying to get rid of too much emty space below chapternames, for table of contents I used this one \addtocontents{toc}{\protect\vspace{-2cm}} for chapters and chapters* simply \vspace{-2cm} but what about Bibliography? –  Jane May 13 '12 at 12:18
Sorry, but again wrong. I cannot use this at all. I'm using also fncychap package and it doesn't work with that. Moreover, I have already finished most of the thesis and can't change everything by this way. There must be a simpler way how to do it, the only thing I need is to put smaller gap after bibliography name. I have already sorted out table of contents by adding the only link \addtocontents{toc}{\protect\vspace{-2cm}}. is there anythingl like this for Bibliography? –  Jane May 13 '12 at 12:57
@Jane: Comments like yours shows -- your are too lazy to provide a MWE but forces the correct answer. That is really a shame. –  Marco Daniel May 13 '12 at 13:12
Well, I'm not lazy to provide a MWE..I don't even know what it is....I guess to put part of my work here..Again, I don't know how to do it.... –  Jane May 13 '12 at 13:49
@Jane How do you think we can guess what packages you're using? –  egreg May 13 '12 at 13:54
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