Take the 2-minute tour ×
TeX - LaTeX Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of TeX, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and related typesetting systems. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Can someone please explain in a clear and concise way how am I supposed to enter the names of authors in a BibTeX file? I have entries with something like

 @article{someid,
   author = {Juan A. Navarro P\'erez, Ra\'ul de la Garza and Andr\'es Espinoza},
   ...

but somehow the output seems kind of wrong!

share|improve this question
add comment

2 Answers

up vote 31 down vote accepted

I think things are just a bit more complicated than in @Joseph's answer. (Though in laying them out, I may violate the desire for a "concise" answer.)

My go to reference for details of the BibTeX format is Norman Walsh's page which self describes as:

This help entry contains the same information as Appendix B of the LaTeX manual.

In BibTeX's world view, a name has four components:

1) First name (which includes any middle names provided)

2) von ("de la" or "van der" like components)

3) Last (Surname without the von part)

4) Jr (Things like "Jr.", "III", etc)

The page explains:

you may type a name in one of three forms:

"First von Last" "von Last, First" "von Last, Jr, First"

You may almost always use the first form; you shouldn't if either there's a Jr part or the Last part has multiple tokens but there's no von part.

You can enclose components in braces to overcome BibTeX's identification of named components. Say, implausibly enough, that toni morrison were to wed someone named Jones and thus adopt the name 'toni morrison Jones'. You could render this '{t}oni {{m}orrison Jones}' with the braces around the 't' and 'm' to prevent a bibliographic style from altering the capitalization and the braces around 'morrison Jones' to force BibTeX to identify the entire string as the Last component, rather than treating `morrison' as the von part.

Finally, you can use braces if 'and' or a coma are part of the name. In the example on the page:

"{Barnes and Noble, Inc.}"

share|improve this answer
1  
I'd forgotten about the 'Jr' part, but you are of course correct. –  Joseph Wright Jul 29 '10 at 13:07
2  
vanden, as this has become a popular answer to a popular question, might you care do edit and polish your answer to merge and include some other details from @joseph's answer (i.e. names have to be separated by "and") –  Juan A. Navarro Mar 25 '12 at 11:39
add comment

Two things to remember. First, each name must be separated by 'and', as this is what BibTeX looks for to separate them out. (It has to be 'and' in English, I'm afraid.) Second, BibTeX can understand different parts of a name if you give it as 'Surname, Firstname', i.e. with the surname first. So for your example I would have

@article{someid,
  author = {Navarro P\'erez, Juan A. and de la Garza, Ra\'ul  and 
    Espinoza, Andr\'es},
  ...

Notice that BibTeX can detect a 'von' part (which includes the 'de la' here), if it is in the surname section but starts with a lower case letter.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.