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I want to include a tikzpicture (mindmap) in beamer and I want the children to appear one after the other.

So I use \visible but it don't works -- also not with \pause command. I get errors regarding forgotten semicolons. When I insert semicolons, not all of the mindmap is created.

Is there an easy way to realize that?

\begin{tikzpicture}[mindmap, concept color=gray!50, font=\sf, text=white]

  \tikzstyle{level 1 concept}+=[font=\sf, sibling angle=90,level distance = 30mm]

  \node[concept,scale=0.7] {Gedächtnis}
    [clockwise from=135]}
        child[concept color=orange]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Musik} } }
        child[concept color=orange]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Kunst} } }
        child[concept color=orange]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Mathematik} } }
        child[concept color=orange]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Seltenere} } };


share|improve this question
I'm not sure of there's yet a "proper" way to do this, but I've had good results with Matthew Leingang's very general solution in a previous question. This allows you to arbitrarily change properties per slide, color being the obvious target here. There may be some more hints in this previous thread as well. – kgr May 14 '12 at 14:52
I think you should use \uncover instead of \visible. – uzsolt May 14 '12 at 15:57
@kgr: Sorry, but I converted your post to a comment, because links to answers do not qualify as new answers. You could however add a full solution based on these answers. Simply edit and undelete your post. – Martin Scharrer May 14 '12 at 19:34
up vote 79 down vote accepted

This answer has led to the aobs-tikz package by Claudio Fiandrino, which provides extended versions of the concepts below.

Here is a less hacky alternative to the answer given by Claudio:

In conjunction with TikZ, I have almost stopped completely to use beamer's overlay commands (\visible<>, \only<>, and so on). Instead I always draw all elements, but hide them on the slides they should not appear. To specify the visibility, I use a visible on=<...> TikZ style as follows:


  % Keys to support piece-wise uncovering of elements in TikZ pictures:
  % \node[visible on=<2->](foo){Foo}
  % \node[visible on=<{2,4}>](bar){Bar}   % put braces around comma expressions
  % Internally works by setting opacity=0 when invisible, which has the 
  % adavantage (compared to \node<2->(foo){Foo} that the node is always there, hence
  % always consumes space plus that coordinate (foo) is always available.
  % The actual command that implements the invisibility can be overriden
  % by altering the style invisible. For instance \tikzsset{invisible/.style={opacity=0.2}}
  % would dim the "invisible" parts. Alternatively, the color might be set to white, if the
  % output driver does not support transparencies (e.g., PS) 
    visible on/.style={alt={#1{}{invisible}}},
    alt/.code args={<#1>#2#3}{%
      \alt<#1>{\pgfkeysalso{#2}}{\pgfkeysalso{#3}} % \pgfkeysalso doesn't change the path

\begin{tikzpicture}[mindmap, concept color=gray!50, font=\sf, text=white]

  \tikzstyle{level 1 concept}+=[font=\sf, sibling angle=90,level distance = 30mm]

  \node[concept,scale=0.7] {Gedächtnis}
    [clockwise from=135]
        child[concept color=orange, visible on=<2->]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Musik} } 
        child[concept color=orange, visible on=<3->]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Kunst} } 
        child[concept color=orange, visible on=<4->]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Mathematik} } 
        child[concept color=orange, visible on=<5->]{ node[concept,scale=0.7]{Seltenere} };




visible on=< ovspec > is implemented by applying the style invisible on all slides that are not contained in ovspec. The default implementation of invisible just sets opacity=0; however, this can be overwritten, so other kinds of "invsibility" can easily be installed (dimming, gray filling, ...).

Note: If overspec itself contains a comma, either it or the complete argument has to be put inside curly braces (like in, visible on=<{1,3-4,8}> or visible on={<1,3-4,8>}) in order to not confuse the pgfkeys parser.

This approach (besides being, IMHO, much better readable) also has another advantage: All named elements (especially nodes) are always there, so you can use them for coordinate calculations even on slides they are not visible. Moreover, the tikzpicture always has the complete size, preventing the frequently asked issue of "jumping images".


share|improve this answer
It's quite easy and it works -- excellent! Thanks a lot. – André May 16 '12 at 7:45
@cmhughes: Thanks for the animation :-) – Daniel Dec 2 '12 at 11:16
@Daniel the least I could do, great answer, helped me out a lot :) – cmhughes Dec 2 '12 at 16:47
@Daniel Really great solution. I just had some problems with the transparent-package. But without every thing worked fine :-) – Dave Jan 5 '13 at 15:58
@Daniel Well, visible on={<1,3>} works if you secure that , also in visible on’s definition: visible on/.style={alt={#1{}{invisible}}}. The braces are stripped the first time and you would left with yet another “free” ,. This makes it possible to use overlay aware macros for TikZ without the need to add braces like for \arrow of tikz-cd. – Qrrbrbirlbel Jul 15 '13 at 21:15

Here is a solution taken from this message and adapted to your need (just 1 level, clockwise option and position of concepts angle 90, but you will see that I commented the code where there is something taken from your needs).

Edit: seen now that I forgot the text=white; I will add a comment only in the place you should modify.



% excellent code taken from 
% http://old.nabble.com/Re%3A-successive-creation-of-tikz-mindmap-in-beamer-p22516097.html

\def\tikz@collect@child@@overlay#1[{\tikz@collect@childA[child overlay={#1},}


% Extra hackery to allow preactions on different layers.
      \path[#1];% do extra path
      \pgfsyssoftpath@setcurrentpath\tikz@actions@path% restore

\tikzset{preaction layer/.store in=\tikz@preaction@layer}


        child overlay/.code={%
                                circle connection bar switch color/.code={},
                                edge from parent/.style={draw=none},
                                every node/.style={
                                        concept, draw=none, fill=none,
                                        execute at begin node={\setbox0=\hbox\bgroup\hskip0pt\let\\=\relax},
                                        execute at end node=\egroup\phantom{\box0}


        use shadow/.style={%
                copy shadow={%
                        preaction layer=shadow, fill=gray!25, draw=none,
                        shadow xshift=0.5ex, shadow yshift=-0.5ex
        small mindmap/.style={
          level 1/.append style={level 1 concept},
          concept color=gray!50, % root colored in gray
          every concept/.style={align=center, font=\tiny\strut, text=black,% <= TEXT COLOR CHANGE
outer sep=-.25pt}, 
          text width=2cm,
          level 1 concept/.style={
          % font \sf as seen in your example
          text width=1.5cm,
          level distance=3cm,
          % some modifications to require needs
          sibling angle=90,
          clockwise from=135,
          every child/.style={concept color=orange},
          every node/.style={concept, execute at begin node=\hskip0pt, use shadow},
          every circle connection bar/.append style={append after
command={[use shadow]}}


\begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture, overlay, small mindmap]
\node <1->  {Gedächtnis}
                        child <2-> {node {Musik}}
                        child <3-> {node {Kunst}}
                        child <4->{node {Mathematik}}
                        child <5->{node {Seltenere}};


I show just three frames over the five generated:

enter image description here

enter image description here

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
Thanks for your solution. It's definitely not easy, but in principle it works. Only, when I try this, that is shifted over the left border. But it's not a problem because Daniel give a helpful solution too. – André May 16 '12 at 7:39
Yes, you are right; the problem could be fixed by compiling twice. – Claudio Fiandrino May 17 '12 at 7:41

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