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similar to this

\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{width=10cm}
\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{tikzpicture}
\makeatletter \newcommand{\pgfplotsdrawaxis}{\pgfplots@draw@axis} \makeatother
\pgfplotsset{axis line on top/.style={
 axis on top=false,
 after end axis/.append code={
    \pgfplotsset{axis line style=opaque,
      ticklabel style=opaque,
      tick style=opaque,
      grid=none}
    \pgfplotsdrawaxis}
  }
}
\pgfdeclarehorizontalshading{stefan}{50bp}{
color(0.00000000000000bp)=(violet);
color(8.33333333333333bp)=(blue);
color(16.66666666666670bp)=(cyan);
color(25.00000000000000bp)=(green);
color(33.33333333333330bp)=(yellow);
color(41.66666666666670bp)=(orange);
color(50.00000000000000bp)=(red)
}
\begin{axis}[
grid=major,
xmin=-0.3, xmax=0.3,
ymin=0, ymax=1,
point meta min={-0.3},
point meta max={0.3},
axis line on top,
tick style={thin,black},
xticklabel style={text height=1.5ex},
xticklabels={%
$-0.4$,
$-0.3$,
$-0.2$,
$-0.1$,
$\mu$,
$0.1$,
$0.2$,
$0.3$,
$0.4$},
extra x ticks={-0.4,-0.3,...,0.4},
extra x tick labels={%
$-0.4$,
$-0.3$,
$-0.2$,
$-0.1$,
$\mu$,
$0.1$,
$0.2$,
$0.3$,
$0.4$},
extra x tick style={
    xticklabel pos=right,
    xticklabel style={text depth=0pt}
},
extra y ticks={0,0.2,...,1},
extra y tick style={
    yticklabel pos=right
},
minor tick num=4,
xlabel=\large $x$,
ylabel=\large $f_{\mu,\sigma^2}(x)$,
colorbar horizontal,
colorbar style={
    xticklabels={%
        $-0.4$,
        $-0.3$,
        $-0.2$,
        $-0.1$,
        $\mu$,
        $0.1$,
        $0.2$,
        $0.3$,
        $0.4$
    },
    xticklabel style={text height=1.5ex}
},
no markers,
colormap={new}{color(0cm)=(violet);color(1cm)=(blue);color(2cm)=(cyan);color(3cm)=(green);color(4cm)=(yellow);color(5cm)=(orange);color(6cm)=(red)},
after end axis/.append code={
    \draw ({rel axis cs:0,0}-|{axis cs:0,0}) -- ({rel axis cs:0,1}-|{axis cs:0,0});
}]
\addplot gnuplot[
    shading=stefan,
    draw=none,
    shader=interp,
    id=DoG,
    samples=1000,
    domain=-0.3:0.3,
    y domain=0:1
]{((1/(sqrt(2*pi*0.00570275999999999)))*exp(-(x-0)**2/(2*0.00570275999999999))/6.603550926)}\closedcycle;
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\caption{Plot}
\end{figure}

Can I add at this plot a legend like that in this plot? Also, why do the colors of the grid appear thicker than those of the colorbar?

share|improve this question
1  
So you want a legend that contains a line and a label? Or a legend with several line-label entries (even though there's only one plot in your example)? Or a legend that fits this particular plot (i.e. a legend with a small coloured area)? –  Jake May 15 '12 at 21:57

1 Answer 1

up vote 9 down vote accepted

To add a legend, you just have to call \addlegendentry{label text} at least once, or set the entry/entries in some other way (using \legend{<list of label texts>} or the legend entries={<list of label texts>} key). By default, the label texts are associated with the plots in the sequence they were created.

If, in your example, you add the command \addlegendentry{$f(x)$ after your \addplot command (or before, it doesn't technically matter, but it's more semantic to add it after). Then you will get

Note that a line is shown in the legend, even though it doesn't appear in the plot. That's because you created a line plot, and the legend image doesn't take your filling into account. If you use \addplot [area style] ..., the legend will look like

To add more lines to the legend without associated plots, you can call \addlegendimage{empty legend} and then \addlegendentry as usual. To have the label texts left aligned, you can call legend cell align=left.

\addlegendimage{empty legend}\addlegendentry{$\mu=0$}
\addlegendimage{empty legend}\addlegendentry{$\sigma^2=0.2$} 


Here's the complete code:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\begin{document}
\pgfplotsset{width=10cm}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\makeatletter \newcommand{\pgfplotsdrawaxis}{\pgfplots@draw@axis} \makeatother
\pgfplotsset{axis line on top/.style={
 axis on top=false,
 after end axis/.append code={
    \pgfplotsset{axis line style=opaque,
      ticklabel style=opaque,
      tick style=opaque,
      grid=none}
    \pgfplotsdrawaxis}
  }
}
\pgfdeclarehorizontalshading{stefan}{50bp}{
color(0.00000000000000bp)=(violet);
color(8.33333333333333bp)=(blue);
color(16.66666666666670bp)=(cyan);
color(25.00000000000000bp)=(green);
color(33.33333333333330bp)=(yellow);
color(41.66666666666670bp)=(orange);
color(50.00000000000000bp)=(red)
}
\begin{axis}[
grid=major,
xmin=-0.3, xmax=0.3,
ymin=0, ymax=1,
point meta min={-0.3},
point meta max={0.3},
axis line on top,
tick style={thin,black},
xticklabel style={text height=1.5ex},
xticklabels={%
$-0.4$,
$-0.3$,
$-0.2$,
$-0.1$,
$\mu$,
$0.1$,
$0.2$,
$0.3$,
$0.4$},
extra x ticks={-0.4,-0.3,...,0.4},
extra x tick labels={%
$-0.4$,
$-0.3$,
$-0.2$,
$-0.1$,
$\mu$,
$0.1$,
$0.2$,
$0.3$,
$0.4$},
extra x tick style={
    xticklabel pos=right,
    xticklabel style={text depth=0pt}
},
extra y ticks={0,0.2,...,1},
extra y tick style={
    yticklabel pos=right
},
minor tick num=4,
xlabel=\large $x$,
ylabel=\large $f_{\mu,\sigma^2}(x)$,
colorbar horizontal,
colorbar style={
    xticklabels={%
        $-0.4$,
        $-0.3$,
        $-0.2$,
        $-0.1$,
        $\mu$,
        $0.1$,
        $0.2$,
        $0.3$,
        $0.4$
    },
    xticklabel style={text height=1.5ex}
},
no markers,
colormap={new}{color(0cm)=(violet);color(1cm)=(blue);color(2cm)=(cyan);color(3cm)=(green);color(4cm)=(yellow);color(5cm)=(orange);color(6cm)=(red)},
after end axis/.append code={
    \draw ({rel axis cs:0,0}-|{axis cs:0,0}) -- ({rel axis cs:0,1}-|{axis cs:0,0});
},
legend cell align=left]
\addplot[area style] gnuplot[
    shading=stefan,
    draw=none,
    shader=interp,
    id=DoG,
    samples=1000,
    domain=-0.3:0.3,
    y domain=0:1
]{((1/(sqrt(2*pi*0.00570275999999999)))*exp(-(x-0)**2/(2*0.00570275999999999))/6.603550926)}\closedcycle;
\addlegendentry{$f(x)$}
\addlegendimage{empty legend}\addlegendentry{$\mu=0$}
\addlegendimage{empty legend}\addlegendentry{$\sigma^2=0.2$}
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}
share|improve this answer
    
I would like a legend like your second example. But you can add to the legend some written without seeking to assign to another plot? –  FormlessCloud May 16 '12 at 9:58
    
@user14524: I'm not sure I understand: Do you want to add a second legend entry (so a little image and a label text), even though there's only one plot in your axis? –  Jake May 16 '12 at 10:43
    
i have added an image to my question.. ;) –  FormlessCloud May 16 '12 at 11:28
    
@user14524: I've edited my answer. –  Jake May 16 '12 at 16:30
    
you are awesome –  FormlessCloud May 16 '12 at 20:46

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