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The word "References" does not appear before the references which I entered in my paper. The packages I am using are:


What is the reason of this issue?

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Has been asked (and answered) on comp.text.tex on november 2009, the title of the question is "Problem with references - elsarticle" – robert.marik.cz May 16 '12 at 16:49
Thanks for accepting my answer, please also upvote it (this has to be done separately from accepting). – lockstep May 16 '12 at 16:59
up vote 10 down vote accepted

The elsarticle class will remove the bibliography heading by declaring


if the amsrefs package is not loaded. You can override the class behaviour by adding, e,g.,


to your document preamble.




\bibitem{A01} A bibitem.


enter image description here

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While the version on CTAN has this issue, the current version downloaded from the Elsevier website does not (the \let\bibsection\relax line is commented out). – cyberSingularity Oct 5 '12 at 12:21

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