# Macro for formatting names (initials or full name)

I want to write full names of authors in the LaTeX source, but assign different roles to them, and then via macro decide whether to print the full first name or just initials:

In the work of \artist{Iannis Xenakis}, as analysed by \researcher{John Doe}.


I think in the end I want as output:

In the work of Iannis Xenakis, as analysed by J Doe.


But I might want J. Doe or John Doe or just Doe -- and I want to keep this decision open, therefore the macros...

I am using biblatex, but I don't want to use \citeauthor because often the mentions are not directly related to a particular paper cited. Nevertheless, maybe I can reuse some macros that come with biblatex?

Here is my idea: I see that \DeclareNameFormat might provide a good way to define custom formats. But how would a macro using such a format to insert the name into the text look like? Might I use \citename{⟨key⟩}[⟨format⟩]{⟨name list⟩}? I understand that name list would be my source name as above, but what should I use as key?

-

You could add dummy bibentries in your bib file (and add options = {dataonly=true}, to ensure that they are not included in the bibliography or used for label creation). Based on that, you can use either \citename as suggested in your question or for convenience create a custom macro (say, \formatname) that will save you specifying author as required name list.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{biblatex}

\DeclareNameFormat{firstinits-last}{%
\usebibmacro{name:first-last}{#1}{#4}{#5}{#7}%
\usebibmacro{name:andothers}}

\DeclareNameAlias{artist}{first-last}
\DeclareNameAlias{researcher}{firstinits-last}

\newcommand*{\formatname}[2]{%
\citename{fn#1}[#2]{author}%
}

\usepackage{filecontents}

\begin{filecontents}{\jobname.bib}
@misc{Doe12,
author = {Doe, John},
year = {2012},
title = {A macro for formatting names},
}
@misc{fnDoe,
options = {dataonly=true},
author = {Doe, John},
}
\end{filecontents}

\nocite{*}

\begin{document}

\formatname{Doe}{artist}

\formatname{Doe}{researcher}

\printbibliography

\end{document}


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Thank you. Although some extra effort due to creating bib entries for all names, I like this approach, because I can reuse the formatting options from biblatex. –  Emit Taste May 28 '12 at 17:20
It should be possible to use existing entry keys of those authors -- but right now, I don't know how to switch off any kind of tracking if one uses \citename for those keys. "Dummy" entries are at least a safe solution. –  lockstep May 28 '12 at 17:33

Here is an idea not using biblatex at all:

\documentclass{article}

\makeatletter
% define the styles for the first name; these are going to be the values
% for the optional argument of \NewNameType;
% \@style => \NewNameType[style]{<csname>}
\def\@fullname#1\q@stop{#1~}
\def\@initial#1#2\q@stop{#1~}
\def\@initialdot#1#2\q@stop{#1.~}
\def\@noname#1\q@stop{}

% define the user command; the optional arguments sets the format;
% I chose initial' as default:
\newcommand*\NewNameType[2][initial]{%
\expandafter\newcommand\expandafter*\csname#2\endcsname[1]{\@nameuse{#2@aux}##1\q@stop}%
\@namedef{#2@aux}##1 ##2\q@stop{\@nameuse{@#1}##1\q@stop##2}}
\makeatother

% define some styles:
\NewNameType{researcher}           % J Doe
\NewNameType[fullname]{artist}     % John Doe
\NewNameType[noname]{baker}        % Doe
\NewNameType[initialdot]{musician} % J. Doe

\setlength\parindent{0pt}
\begin{document}

\researcher{John Doe} \\
\artist{John Doe} \\
\baker{John Doe} \\
\musician{John Doe}

\end{document}


@MemoGarza that would require a little bit more work. Since biblatex` has implementations for this the other answer probably already does support those kinds of names –  clemens Feb 16 '14 at 17:15