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It seems it tries to fill an entire A4, as the image of the next page is too big. So it puts a lot of space between the paragraphs. But, I'd much rather have a big chunk of white at the bottom of the first page: as it looks now, it looks like there are stuff missing (for example figures).

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Use \clearpage before \begin{figure} – Marco Daniel Jun 2 '12 at 13:53
Simple as that. – Emanuel Berg Jun 2 '12 at 13:56
And don't use the [H] specifier provided by float. – egreg Jun 2 '12 at 14:00
You might look for \raggedbottom (cf. this question, possible duplicate). – dgs Jun 2 '12 at 14:47
@egrep: I'm not following? – Emanuel Berg Jun 2 '12 at 19:13
up vote 6 down vote accepted

Based on your given information I guess you are using a document class like book. By default the command \flushbottom is active which will balance the complete text at the top and bottom of a page.

If you get a page break the text before will be balanced. A simple \clearpage before you start the environment figure will solve the problem.

The behaviour can be reproduced very simple if you are using the float specifier H provided by the package float:




\caption{MWE to demonstrate how to place to images side-by-side}


So I recommend to use the specifiers !htb. More information about the float algorithm and the specifiers are given in the great answer of Frank Mittelbach:

How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX?

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I am using \report and yes, \clearpage did it. – Emanuel Berg Jun 5 '12 at 10:59

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