# Table and Figure Caption Citation Problem

When I build a LaTeX code, the references to figures and tables labels are not recognized, so latex builder prints "?" in the place. And simplifying the entire text I found out that even the simple dummy document

\documentclass{book}
\begin{document}
Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}

\begin{table}[h]
\caption{my caption}\label{whatever}
\begin{tabular}{l}
Text
\end{tabular}
\end{table}
\end{document}


generates this:

Some text cites Table [?]

Table 1: my caption

Text

I'm using MiKTeX 2.4-64 for a couple of months, but I do not remember getting this type of errors with past versions MiKTeX versions. Would someone have a clue on how to fix this?

-

LaTeX Warning: Citation whatever' on page 1 undefined on input line 3.


which gives you a hint about the cause of the problem: you are using \cite and you should be using \ref instead (the output [?] also indicates that a citation was incorrectly expected). Simply replace:

Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}


with

Some text cites Table~\ref{whatever}


\cite is for bibliographical citations.

-
I get [?] for a missing bibliography entry and ??` for a missing label. Maybe you could include that as a hint for diagnosis. – dgs Jun 5 '12 at 6:26
Oh yes, what a mistake of mine! You are totally right, thank you. – Rego Jun 6 '12 at 2:32