Take the 2-minute tour ×
TeX - LaTeX Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of TeX, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and related typesetting systems. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am still new in LaTeX - beginner. How can I have the equation to look like this (the example is shown in ms word):

Lexical level:      f o x + plural (‘+’ is a morpheme boundary)

Surface level:      f o x e s

Two-level rule:     e:+ ↔ x:x _ 0:s

image of example

The 'f' at lexical level must be align with the 'f' at the surface level. Do I have to put it in a table so that each of the characters can be aligned?

share|improve this question
    
Could you please add an image? (I know, you cannot directly add images yet, but just upload it to imgur and post the link -- the image can then be integrated once you have 10 rep) –  Caramdir Nov 24 '10 at 1:23
    
here you goes: imgur.com/pAzfS?full –  ssaee Nov 24 '10 at 1:43
add comment

2 Answers

An alternative would be a tabbing environment:

 \begin{tabbing}
 Lexical level:\qquad \=f~\=o~\=x + plural (`+' is a morpheme boundary)\\
 Surface level:       \>f \>o \>x~e~s\\
 \\
 Two-level rule:     \>e:\textsuperscript{+} $\leftrightarrow$ x:x \_ 0:s
 \end{tabbing}

\= sets a tab stop on the first line. \> moves to it on the next line and subsequent ones.

share|improve this answer
    
perfect! it works and thanks :) –  ssaee Dec 2 '10 at 4:26
add comment

If you want to align the 'f' on each level, a table is probably easiest:

\begin{tabular}{rl}
Lexical level:    &    f o x + plural   \\
Surface level:    &    f o x e s        \\
\end{tabular}

The basic table environment is tabular. The rl means the table has two columns, the first right-justified and the second left-justified. Then just put in your entries row-by-row, using & to skip to the next column and \\ to skip to the next row. This is probably enough for your current purposes, but when you end up wanting to make a proper table you should check out the LaTeX Wikibook.

As for the other part of your question, I'm afraid I don't have enough linguistics training to know what "e:+ ↔ x:x _ 0:s" should look like. It would be great if you could point us to an example of what you'd like to get. That being said, you can get ↔ with $\leftrightarrow$; an underscore with \_ or a longer underlined space with \rule{1cm} or \underline{\hspace{1cm}}; and ∅ (if you're looking for that instead of 0) with \emptyset or \varnothing.

share|improve this answer
    
I wondering if using an inline verbatim from the listings package would help to vertically align the characters in f o x e s –  Will Robertson Nov 24 '10 at 2:43
    
@Will It can be achieved using a monospace font –  Yiannis Lazarides Nov 24 '10 at 2:57
    
@Will, @Yiannis: a monospace font would certainly work to vertically align the characters in f o x e s, using \verb or otherwise. This might not be great for aligning the fs in the first place, though. It works in this case --- fortunately, "Lexical" and "Surface" have the same number of letters! --- but in general you'd have to add verbatim spaces (or worse) to get the spacing exactly right. –  Ross Churchley Nov 24 '10 at 3:56
    
guys, i just tried using tabbing environment and it works! –  ssaee Dec 2 '10 at 4:27
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.