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The installation is TeXLive on Ubuntu 12.04.

I've been using a variety of source files, some of them extremely simple. I can post if necessary, but thought it might be irrelevant given the seeming ubiquity of this error.

It's weird too because I had it working briefly (sort of), by deleting all the /emph modified Hebrew text. Then I kept screwing around with the installation and after that it stopped working again. What was I doing? Mostly tlmgr commands to update stuff. And fc commands like fc-cache -fv. Nothing else can think of.

I've wasted way too much time on this today. Any pointers or clues greately appreciated.

Anyways here's one source file:

% !TEX TS-program = pdflatex
% !TEX encoding = UTF-8 Unicode

\documentclass[10pt]{article} % use larger type; default would be 10pt

%%% PAGE DIMENSIONS
\usepackage{geometry} % to change the page dimensions
\geometry{a4paper} % or letterpaper (US) or a5paper or.... 

\geometry{top=.75in, right=.5in,bottom=.5in, left=.5in} % for example, change the margins to 2 inches all round
%\geometry{landscape} % set up the page for landscape
 %%%   read geometry.pdf for detailed page layout information
 %%%josh here: i've set these margins up for good 2 or 3 inch marginnotes.  

%%% PACKAGES
\usepackage{endnotes}
\usepackage{graphicx} % support the \includegraphics command and options
\usepackage[parfill]{parskip} % Activate to begin paragraphs with an empty line rather than an indent
\usepackage{booktabs} % for much better looking tables
\usepackage{array} % for better arrays (eg matrices) in maths
\usepackage{paralist} % very flexible & customisable lists (eg. enumerate/itemize, etc.)
\usepackage{subfig} % make it possible to include more than one captioned figure/table in a single float
% These packages are all incorporated in the memoir class to one degree or another...

\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc} % set input encoding (not needed with XeLaTeX)
\usepackage[hebrew,english]{babel}

%%%  COMMANDS
\newcommand{\hebmy}[1]{\R{#1}}
\newcommand{\heb}[1]{\begin{small}\R{#1}\end{small}}
\newcommand{\hebt}[1]{\begin{scriptsize}\R{#1}\end{scriptsize}}

%%% HEADERS & FOOTERS
\usepackage{fancyhdr} % This should be set AFTER setting up the page geometry
\fancypagestyle{test}{\fancyhf{}%
    \fancyhead[RO,LE]{\thepage}%
    \fancyhead[LO,RE]{test}%
    \fancyfoot[R]{\scriptsize\today}
    \renewcommand\headrulewidth{1pt}}

\pagestyle{fancy} % options: empty , plain , fancy
\headsep=.75in \textwidth=424pt \textheight=700pt
\renewcommand{\headrulewidth}{0pt} % customise the layout...
\lhead{\tiny George Washington \#5 \\ Jerusalem \\ \hebmy{רח ג'ורג' וושינגטון 5} \\ \hebmy{ירושלים} \\ 94187}
\chead{Joshua Cullick \\ \hebmy{יהושוע קוליק}\\ \small joshua.cullick@gmail.com}
\rhead{\tiny Analysis \& \\ \emph{Intelligent} \\ Design}
\lfoot{\tiny \today}\cfoot{ }\rfoot{\tiny \thepage}

%% SECTION TITLE APPEARANCE
\usepackage{sectsty} 
\usepackage{lineno}
\usepackage{multicol}
\allsectionsfont{\sffamily\mdseries\upshape} % (See the fntguide.pdf for font help)
% (This matches ConTeXt defaults)

%%% ToC (table of contents) APPEARANCE
\usepackage[nottoc,notlof,notlot]{tocbibind} % Put the bibliography in the ToC
\usepackage[titles,subfigure]{tocloft} % Alter the style of the Table of Contents
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\renewcommand{\cftsecfont}{\rmfamily\mdseries\upshape}
\renewcommand{\cftsecpagefont}{\rmfamily\mdseries\upshape} % No bold!

%%%josh here, trying to reduce whitespace between sections, below
\usepackage[compact]{titlesec}
\titlespacing{\section}{0pt}{*0}{*0}
\titlespacing{\subsection}{0pt}{*0}{*0}
\titlespacing{\subsubsection}{0pt}{*0}{*0}
%%% END Article customizations
%%% The "real" document content comes below... 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

\date{\today} % Activate to display a given date or no date (if empty),
  % otherwise the current date is printed  
\begin{document}


Hello my name is \hebmy {יהושוע קוליק}


\end{document}

This is my BASH log trying to compile:

 {LID: command not found
suwylie@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:~$ sudo su
[sudo] password for wylie: 
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie# gedit
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie# updmap-sys --syncwithtrees
Config file: "/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-config/web2c/updmap.cfg"
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie# cd Desktop/
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie/Desktop# cd texpad/
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie/Desktop/texpad# pdflatex 20_June_sample.tex 
This is pdfTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.3-1.40.12 (TeX Live 2011)
 restricted \write18 enabled.
entering extended mode
(./20_June_sample.tex
LaTeX2e 
Babel  and hyphenation patterns for english, dumylang, nohyphenation, ge
rman-x-2011-07-01, ngerman-x-2011-07-01, afrikaans, ancientgreek, ibycus, arabi
c, armenian, basque, bulgarian, catalan, pinyin, coptic, croatian, czech, danis
h, dutch, ukenglish, usenglishmax, esperanto, estonian, ethiopic, farsi, finnis
h, french, friulan, galician, german, ngerman, swissgerman, monogreek, greek, h
ungarian, icelandic, assamese, bengali, gujarati, hindi, kannada, malayalam, ma
rathi, oriya, panjabi, tamil, telugu, indonesian, interlingua, irish, italian, 
kurmanji, lao, latin, latvian, lithuanian, mongolian, mongolianlmc, bokmal, nyn
orsk, polish, portuguese, romanian, romansh, russian, sanskrit, serbian, serbia
nc, slovak, slovenian, spanish, swedish, turkish, turkmen, ukrainian, uppersorb
ian, welsh, loaded.
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/article.cls
Document Class: article 2007/10/19 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/size10.clo))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/geometry/geometry.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/keyval.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ifpdf.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ifvtex.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/ifxetex/ifxetex.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/endnotes/endnotes.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphicx.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphics.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/trig.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/latexconfig/graphics.cfg)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/pdftex-def/pdftex.def
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/infwarerr.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ltxcmds.sty))))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/parskip/parskip.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/booktabs/booktabs.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/tools/array.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/paralist/paralist.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/subfig/subfig.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/caption/caption.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/caption/caption3.sty)))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/inputenc.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/utf8x.def))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/ucs.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/data/uni-global.def))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/babel.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/rlbabel.def)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/hebrew.ldf
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/babel.def)

Package babel Warning: No hyphenation patterns were loaded for
(babel)                the language `Hebrew'
(babel)                I will use the patterns loaded for \language=0 instead.

) (/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/english.ldf))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/lheenc.def)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/fancyhdr/fancyhdr.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/sectsty/sectsty.sty

LaTeX Warning: Command \underline  has changed.
               Check if current package is valid.

) (/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/lineno/lineno.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/tools/multicol.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/tocbibind/tocbibind.sty

Package tocbibind Note: Using section or other style headings.

) (/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/tocloft/tocloft.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsmath/amsmath.sty
For additional information on amsmath, use the `?' option.
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsmath/amstext.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsmath/amsgen.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsmath/amsbsy.sty)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsmath/amsopn.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsfonts/amssymb.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/amsfonts/amsfonts.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/titlesec/titlesec.sty)
No file 20_June_sample.aux.
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/lhecmr.fd)
*geometry* driver: auto-detecting
*geometry* detected driver: pdftex
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/context/base/supp-pdf.mkii
[Loading MPS to PDF converter (version 2006.09.02).]
) (/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/pdftexcmds.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ifluatex.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/oberdiek/epstopdf-base.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/oberdiek/grfext.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/kvdefinekeys.sty))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/oberdiek/kvoptions.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/kvsetkeys.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/etexcmds.sty)))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/latexconfig/epstopdf-sys.cfg))

Package caption Warning: \caption will not be redefined since it's already
(caption)                redefined by a document class or package which is
(caption)                unknown to the caption package.
See the caption package documentation for explanation.

(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/ucsencs.def)
kpathsea: Running mktextfm jerus10
mktextfm: Running mf-nowin -progname=mf \mode:=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input jerus10
This is METAFONT, Version 2.718281 (TeX Live 2011)


kpathsea: Running mktexmf jerus10
! I can't find file `jerus10'.
 ...=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input jerus10

Please type another input file name
! Emergency stop.
 ...=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input jerus10

Transcript written on mfput.log.
grep: jerus10.log: No such file or directory
mktextfm: `mf-nowin -progname=mf \mode:=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input jerus10' failed to make jerus10.tfm.
kpathsea: Appending font creation commands to missfont.log.

! Font LHE/cmr/m/n/10=jerus10 at 10.0pt not loadable: Metric (TFM) file not fou
nd.
 
                   relax 
l.78 ...y name is \hebmy {יהושוע קוליק}  

I tried using a variety of source files, some of my own that I know had worked from my Window7 / MiKTeX installation, some of which I found online. The following source file I found online as an example of working with Hebrew in LaTeX:

Source file can be found at hebexample

for this particular file the BASH log looks like:

 root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie/Desktop/texpad# pdflatex hebexample\ \(1\).tex 
This is pdfTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.3-1.40.12 (TeX Live 2011)
 restricted \write18 enabled.
entering extended mode
(./hebexample (1).tex
LaTeX2e 
Babel  and hyphenation patterns for english, dumylang, nohyphenation, ge
rman-x-2011-07-01, ngerman-x-2011-07-01, afrikaans, ancientgreek, ibycus, arabi
c, armenian, basque, bulgarian, catalan, pinyin, coptic, croatian, czech, danis
h, dutch, ukenglish, usenglishmax, esperanto, estonian, ethiopic, farsi, finnis
h, french, friulan, galician, german, ngerman, swissgerman, monogreek, greek, h
ungarian, icelandic, assamese, bengali, gujarati, hindi, kannada, malayalam, ma
rathi, oriya, panjabi, tamil, telugu, indonesian, interlingua, irish, italian, 
kurmanji, lao, latin, latvian, lithuanian, mongolian, mongolianlmc, bokmal, nyn
orsk, polish, portuguese, romanian, romansh, russian, sanskrit, serbian, serbia
nc, slovak, slovenian, spanish, swedish, turkish, turkmen, ukrainian, uppersorb
ian, welsh, loaded.
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/article.cls
Document Class: article 2007/10/19 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/size11.clo))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/inputenc.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/utf8x.def))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/ucs.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/data/uni-global.def))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/babel.sty
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/rlbabel.def)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/hebrew.ldf
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/babel.def)

Package babel Warning: No hyphenation patterns were loaded for
(babel)                the language `Hebrew'
(babel)                I will use the patterns loaded for \language=0 instead.

) (/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/english.ldf))
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/lheenc.def)
No file "hebexample (1)".aux.
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/generic/babel/lhecmr.fd)
(/usr/local/texlive/2011/texmf-dist/tex/latex/ucs/ucsencs.def)
kpathsea: Running mktextfm deads10
mktextfm: Running mf-nowin -progname=mf \mode:=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input deads10
This is METAFONT, Version 2.718281 (TeX Live 2011)


kpathsea: Running mktexmf deads10
! I can't find file `deads10'.
 ...=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input deads10

Please type another input file name
! Emergency stop.
 ...=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input deads10

Transcript written on mfput.log.
grep: deads10.log: No such file or directory
mktextfm: `mf-nowin -progname=mf \mode:=ljfour; mag:=1; nonstopmode; input deads10' failed to make deads10.tfm.
kpathsea: Appending font creation commands to missfont.log.

! Font LHE/cmr/bx/n/14.4=deads10 at 14.4pt not loadable: Metric (TFM) file not 
found.
 
                   relax 
l.10 ...�באה מכילה טקסט בעברית}}

? ^C! Interruption.
extract@font ...ont font@name external@font relax 
                                                  font@name relax csname f@e...
l.10 ...�באה מכילה טקסט בעברית}}

? x
No pages of output.
Transcript written on "hebexample (1).log".
root@wylie-ThinkPad-X61-Tablet:/home/wylie/Desktop/texpad# 
share|improve this question
    
What does the \R command do or where is it defined (e. g. what package)? –  brian-ammon Jun 23 '12 at 11:17
    
"To switch to Hebrew inside a left-to-right paragraph, we use the \R macro." tau.ac.il/~stoledo/Pubs/eutupon.pdf –  Wylie Kulicuu Jun 23 '12 at 11:48

3 Answers 3

You are missing the default Ivritex fonts. You can try installing them from http://ivritex.sourceforge.net, but it's considered deprecated.

Preferably, you should install culmus-latex which provides a Hebrew support based on the Culmus fonts.

share|improve this answer

If one is still forced to use LaTeX with Hebrew babel, see this TSE answer for instructions on downloading the missing fonts.

share|improve this answer

This is a preliminary / draft answer to my own question. The solution is emerging--I still haven't exploited everything I've learned in the last hour; but...:

  • I'm no longer compiling with pdflatex; I'm now using context.
  • ConTeXt is embedded in TeXLive installation and contains or is associated with LuaTeX components also embedded.
  • Both require some configuration .
  • I'm just groping around and found a solution; not enough knowledge for a definitive answer.

The source file looks like this:

\definefontfeature[hebrew][arabic][script=hebr]
\definefont[hebrew][name:freesans* hebrew]
\starttext
hello anda gain
\textdir TRT

hello
\hebrew



שלום
סטאנשהחסנטאהשסחנטהאסשנטחהסאשנטוהחסאנטשהחסנטאהשחסנטהאשסוחנטהאסשנטהחסאנטשהחסאנטהשחסנטאהשח
סאטהשוחסנטאהסנטאהשסחנטהאסשנטחהסאנטשהחסאנטשהחסאנטשהחסנטאהשחסנטאהשחסנטאהשחסטנהאשסחנטה

\stoptext

Compile (post configuration etc) with context heb_sample_mod.tex produces a decent PDF with Hebrew text. The right margins need some adjustments...

share|improve this answer
    
Not that I doubt that context is not a good solution, but: does LuaTeX not work with LaTeX (i.e., lualatex)? Also, why were you running latex as root in your above example? –  jon Jun 22 '12 at 5:47
1  
Are you fixed to using pdflatex? If not, I would recommend using XeLaTeX which has Unicode support and, more interestingly for you, the freedom of choice of fonts with the fontspec package. Just set the language(s) with polyglossia (the XeLaTeX babel equivalent), select any of your system fonts with fontspec and you should be good to go (and it is still somewhat LaTeX-y compared to ConTeXt). –  brian-ammon Jun 29 '12 at 13:34
    
Thanks I'm hung up in Java projects this week. Last I was in that stuff it was ConText all the way, and it was working. But I'll keep your suggestion in mind. –  Wylie Kulicuu Jun 29 '12 at 19:02

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