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I know that I can preserve capital letters in Bibtex with curly braces, and that I can type Scandinavian letters like æøå as \ae{} \o{} \aa{}. But what do I do to force the capital letters ÆØÅ? Following a suggestion I found for German umlaut, I tried {\{O}}, but it still comes out as a lowercase ø.

Bibtex file:

    title = "This is the word \O{}re"}


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I think a minimal working example (MWE) would help here. – Joseph Wright Jul 7 '12 at 17:14
up vote 11 down vote accepted


    title = {This is the word {{\O}}re},
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That works. Since it has fewer curly braces that Joseph's answer, I choose this as the better one. Thanks. – Sverre Jul 7 '12 at 17:47
The second or outer pair of curly braces is needed because the plain bibliography style uses "sentence style" for the contents of title fields for entries of type @misc. "Sentence style" means that everything except the first word of the field is converted to lowercase. The outer pair of curly braces informs BibTeX not to convert to lowercase what's inside thosee curly braces. If the entry type were @book or @inbook, say, the outer pair of curly braces would not be needed -- since "title style" is applied to the title fields of latter two entry types. – Mico Jun 23 '14 at 20:25

My usual rule is 'try more braces' in cases like this. For me

    title = "This is the word {{\O{}}}re"

seems to work fine.

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Works fine! Thanks! – Sverre Jul 7 '12 at 17:41

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