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I have to have footnotes double-spaced, but if I use \begin{doublespace} and \end{doublespace} within footnotes, then the gap between two footnotes becomes too wide. Could anybody fix it?

\documentclass[12pt,letterpaper,leqno]{article}
\usepackage{setspace}
\newcommand{\note}[1]{\footnote{\begin{doublespace}#1\end{doublespace}}}
\begin{document}
abcde\note{This is the first footnote.}
ABEDE\note{This is the second footnote.}
\end{document}
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3 Answers 3

Instead of using a separate \note command to introduce the footnotes, it's better to use the footmisc package which has a hook for formatting the footnotes. Then if you ever need to change the footnotes to single spacing you don't need to change all your \footnote commands. It's not clear from your question what kind of spacing you want between two footnotes. In the example below I've make the space a single blank line by setting the length of \footnotesep.

\documentclass[12pt,letterpaper,leqno]{article}
\usepackage{setspace} % load setspace before footmisc
\usepackage{footmisc}
\setlength{\footnotesep}{\baselineskip} %use 1.67\baselineskip for a double space
\makeatother
\newcommand\lipsum{This is some text that will take up some space so that we can
      test if the  doublespacing is working correctly.}
\renewcommand{\footnotelayout}{\doublespacing}
\begin{document}
abcde\footnote{\lipsum}
ABEDE\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
foobar\footnote{Another footnote.}
\end{document}

output of code

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When you use \begin{doublespace}.... some extra vertical space is included. (same as \begin{center} where as \centering does not).

Solution: Use \doublespacing. The MWE is

\documentclass[12pt,letterpaper,leqno]{article}
\usepackage{setspace}
\newcommand{\note}[1]{\footnote{\doublespacing #1}} %% <-- note \doublespacing here.
\begin{document}
abcde\note{This is the first footnote.}
ABEDE\note{This is the second footnote.}
\end{document}

enter image description here

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Just to note that this enforces single spacing between footnotes even if the document itself has double spacing. –  Sverre Aug 1 '13 at 20:47

I would prefer to have the same distance between footnotes as I have between lines inside the footnotes. You can do this by creating your own footnote separator length (\myfootnotesep) which you define as the distance between two lines (\baselineskip) minus the default footnote separator (\footnotesep):

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{setspace}
    \doublespacing
\usepackage{footmisc}
    \renewcommand{\footnotelayout}{\doublespacing} % set spacing in footnotes
    \newlength{\myfootnotesep}
    \setlength{\myfootnotesep}{\baselineskip}
    \addtolength{\myfootnotesep}{-\footnotesep}
    \setlength{\footnotesep}{\myfootnotesep} % set spacing between footnotes

\begin{document}
Yadda yadda yadda.\footnote{Agreed joy vanity regret met may ladies oppose who.
Mile fail as left as hard eyes.
Meet made call in mean four year it to.}
Yadda yadda yadda.\footnote{Agreed joy vanity regret met may ladies oppose who.
Mile fail as left as hard eyes.
Meet made call in mean four year it to.}
\end{document}

enter image description here

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