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I want to cite some lecture notes in my thesis where the main and only source is a webpage (including some PDFs which are the lecture notes).

I am using Bibtex.

I tried @webpage, like:

    Author = {Rajeev Alur and Thomas A. Henzinger},
    Date-Added = {2012-07-10 03:24:13 +0000},
    Date-Modified = {2012-07-10 03:30:02 +0000},
    Institution = {MTC EPFL},
    Lastchecked = {2012-07-10},
    Title = {Computer-Aided Verification},
    Url = {http://mtc.epfl.ch/courses/CAV_WS2004/},
    Year = {2004}}

in my bib-file but that gave me the warning Warning--entry type for "CAVR112" isn't style-file defined and the URL was not shown in the bibliography section (\bibliographystyle{alpha} \bibliography{bibliography}).

I also tried @misc but the URL is also not shown. As the URL is quite important for this source, I want to have it shown but I'm not sure what bibtex entry type I should use.

Just found this very related question. It works by using howpublished = {\url{...}}. Not sure if I should close this as duplicate or if my other questions are relevant (e.g. I'm still not sure about the entry type here...).

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In addition to the provided answers, if your bst do not support url and you are forced to use that bst, you can use the field note, as for example: note = {\url{...}}, – JLDiaz Jul 10 '12 at 8:52
up vote 7 down vote accepted

http://www.ctan.org/pkg/urlbst has a collection of bibtex styles that have support for webpage, url and lastchecked entry types.

the bundle also provides a script that will edit an existing .bst to offer those entry types.

the incidental text in the styles is in english (herbert's suggested styles are in german).

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has BibTeX style files which know the entry type url= {...} for article, book, aso Save one of the styles into your local $TEXMF, eg /usr/local/texlive/texmf.local/bibtex/bst/ and run texhash. In your document use \usepackage {url} if you do not load hyperref

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