# How to remove labels but preserve hanging indenting in the memoir class

I am writing my humanities PhD in the memoir class. I need to have hanging indents for the bibliography, but no numbers or bullets. I have added

\makeatletter
\renewcommand\@biblabel[1]{}
\makeatother


to the preamble, which removes the numbering, but I can't get the hanging indents to come back. Any suggestions?

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The way to do this is by using an appropriate bibliography style for your field. Are you using bibtex to manage your reference? I hope you're not entering them by hand. – Alan Munn Jul 13 '12 at 0:49
Also, switch to biblatex sooner rather than later: it is the only way to get the flexibility you're likely to need (esp. if you work in the humanities). – jon Jul 13 '12 at 3:51

hanging indentation is a property if the list list being used to typeset the list. Removing the label will not change that. If you want to change it manually copy and change the memoir code for the bibitemlist environment.

Here is one way of doing it. But I agree with the others use BibTeX instead, most of the author year systems are typeset in the manner you ask for. You may also get even more flexibility using biblatex.

\documentclass[a4paper]{memoir}
\usepackage{lipsum} % sample text
\makeatletter
\setlength\bibindent{2.5em}
\renewcommand\@openbib@code{%
\leftmargin\bibindent
\itemindent -\bibindent
\listparindent \parindent
\parsep \z@
\labelsep0pt
}%
\setbiblabel{} % this does what you were doing, memoir has interface
\makeatother
\aliaspagestyle{plain}{showlocs} % to show that the text is at the edge
\begin{document}
\begin{thebibliography}{99}
\bibitem{t} \lipsum[1-2]
\bibitem{s} \lipsum[2]
\bibitem{r} \lipsum[1-2]
\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}

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